Emselex is a medicine that contains the active substance darifenacin. It is available as round, prolonged-release tablets (white: 7.5 mg; light peach: 15 mg). ?Prolonged-release? means that darifenacin is released slowly from the tablet over a few hours.
|Table of Contents|
|What is it used for?|
|How is it used?|
|How does it work?|
|How has it been studied?|
|What benefits has it shown during the studies?|
|What is the risk associated?|
|Why has it been approved?|
Emselex is used in adults with overactive bladder syndrome. It is used to treat the urge incontinence (sudden lack of control over urination), increased urinary frequency (need to urinate frequently) and urgency (sudden urge to pass urine) that are associated with the syndrome.
The medicine can only be obtained with a prescription.
The recommended starting dose of Emselex is 7.5 mg once a day. For patients requiring greater symptom relief, the dose may be increased to 15 mg. The tablets can be taken with or without food. They should be swallowed whole with some liquid, and not chewed, divided or crushed.
The active substance in Emselex, darifenacin, is an anticholinergic medicine. It blocks a receptor called the ?muscarinic M3 receptor?. In the bladder, this causes the muscles that push urine out of the bladder to relax. This leads to an increase in the capacity of the bladder and changes in the way the bladder contracts, resulting in fewer bladder contractions. This helps Emselex to prevent unwanted urination.
Emselex has been studied in four main studies in a total of 2,078 male and female patients with symptoms of overactive bladder. Emselex was used at various doses (from 3.75 mg to 30 mg a day) and compared with placebo (dummy treatment) or with tolterodine (another medicine used in this condition). The main measure of effectiveness was the change in the number of incontinence episodes per week.
When the results from all four studies were combined, Emselex was more effective in reducing the number of incontinence episodes than placebo. At the start of the studies, the patients had around 16 incontinence episodes per week. After 12 weeks of treatment, patients receiving Emselex 7.5 mg or 15 mg had 8.8 (68%) or 10.6 (77%) fewer episodes of incontinence per week, respectively, and patients receiving placebo had 7 or 7.5 (54 or 58%) fewer episodes per week.
What is the risk associated with Emselex The most common side effects with Emselex seen in more than 1 patient in 10 are dry mouth and constipation. For the full list of all side effects reported with Emselex, see the Package Leaflet. Emselex should not be used in people who may be hypersensitive allergic to darifenacin or any of the other ingredients. It must not be used in patients with urinary retention difficulty passing urine gastric retention when the stomach does not empty properly uncontrolled narrow-angle glaucoma increased eye pressure even with treatment myasthenia gravis a disease causing muscle weakness severe liver problems severe ulcerative colitis severe inflammation of the gut causing ulcers and bleeding toxic megacolon a very serious complication of colitis. Emselex must not be taken by patients who are also taking medicines that are broken down in the same way as Emselex, such as protease inhibitors used to treat HIV infection, such as ritonavir, or ketoconazole or itraconazole used to treat fungal infections.
The Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) concluded that Emselex showed an effectiveness similar to that of other anticholinergic medicines used in overactive bladder syndrome. The Committee decided that Emselex?s benefits are greater than its risks for the symptomatic treatment of urge incontinence and/or increased urinary frequency and urgency as may occur in adult patients with overactive bladder syndrome. The Committee recommended that Emselex be given marketing authorisation.