Depression is a medical, psychological impairment that brings with it symptoms such as low spirits, mental and physical disorders. Among other things, it can involve sleep disorders, digestive problems or listlessness.
Currently, about 5% of the population is affected by depression. The proportion of those who suffer from depression at some point in their lives is 15-20%, with women being affected twice as often as men.
Es wird angenommen, dass eine gewisse Veranlagung zu Depressionen vererbt wird. Das Risiko zu erkranken steigt ebenfalls, wenn bereits eine Depression durchlebt wurde.
Types of depression
Unipolar means unipolar. This means that those affected only experience depressive phases and not manic ones. It is the most common representative of depression. Characteristic are a low in the morning, early waking, problems sleeping through the night (especially in the 2nd half of the night) and dejection.
Bipolar affective disorder
Here, both depressive and manic phases coincide. Typical for the manic episodes is an exaggerated self-confidence. One's own abilities are overestimated, as a result of which some sufferers work through nights for weeks without feeling tired.
Beginning in adolescence and usually running chronically, the disorder manifests itself over entire periods of life. Dysthymia has somewhat milder symptoms than unipolar depression, whereas cyclothymia involves milder manic and depressive phases similar to bipolar affective disorder.
Anyone who has depressive symptoms in the fall/winter and they last until spring/summer is probably suffering from SAD - seasonal affective disorder.
Symptome sind eher Antriebslosigkeit als starke depressive Verstimmungen.