Intestinal polyps are usually benign mucosal tumors located in the cavity of the colon. They can be of different shape (mushroom-like, cushion-like) and size, and can occur individually or in groups.
In about 50 percent of those affected, the polyps are located in the rectum, also known as the rectum. Depending on the type of tissue, there are different types of intestinal polyps. In an estimated 90 percent of cases, one can assume a so-called adenoma, which can increase in size and possibly form precursors of colon cancer. If it exceeds a diameter of about one centimeter, the risk is increased. In rare cases, hereditary colon polyps may also occur. If such a case exists, the risk of colon cancer is particularly high.
In the population, about ten percent are affected by intestinal polyps. The number of people affected increases with age. In the group of people over 60 years of age, about one in three suffers from tumors of the intestinal mucosa.