Neurodermatitis (also known as endogenous eczema or atopic dermatitis) is a skin disease that often causes recurrent skin inflammation and itching. Symptom-free periods alternate with mild to severe phases of the disease. People who suffer from atopic dermatitis have a higher risk of developing other atopic diseases such as allergies or asthma.
The psychological consequences of suffering from neurodermatitis also play a major role. Although atopic dermatitis is not a contagious disease, there are people who avoid contact with those affected. Shame about the skin disease can lower the self-esteem of those affected and thus reduce their quality of life.
In many cases, neurodermatitis first becomes noticeable in infancy or toddlerhood. However, it is also possible to develop the disease for the first time at an older age. Some people suffer from neurodermatitis for the rest of their lives, while for others the skin disease eventually heals completely. According to estimates, between 3 and 5 million people in Germany suffer from neurodermatitis.