In order to ensure a safe protection against TBE, you should get a preventive vaccination in winter. Thus, the vaccination protection is already active in spring, when the tick season begins. Vaccination is particularly advisable if you live in a TBE risk area or are planning a trip there. Forestry workers, farmers and laboratory personnel should also be vaccinated.
The common TBE vaccination is an active vaccination consisting of three doses (basic immunization). The first two injections are administered one to three months apart. The third dose is given nine to twelve months after the second. If a holiday to a risk area is imminent, two injections may be sufficient.
After basic immunisation, the first booster should be given after three years. For people under 50 years of age there is a five-year protection, for older people a booster is already necessary after three years.
To prevent TBE, it is also advisable to protect yourself from tick bites. For this purpose, tight-fitting, light-coloured clothing should be worn when in the forest or in high meadows. It is also advisable to avoid the undergrowth. Tick repellents have only a limited effect of a few hours.
After a stay in nature, the clothes and the body should be searched for ticks. Preferred areas for children are the hairy head and the neck. Ticks prefer to stay on warm parts of the body, which is why armpits, groins and the back of the knees should also be thoroughly searched. Even if the tick is removed immediately after discovery, this does not protect against TBE, as the virus is located in the salivary glands and is transmitted immediately after the bite.