Dimetinden

Dimetinden
ATC Code D04AA13, R01AC09, R06AB03
Formula C20H24N2
Molar Mass (g·mol−1) 292,42
Physical State liquid
Boiling Point (°C) 165–175
CAS Number 5636-83-9
PUB Number 21855
Drugbank ID DB08801
Solubility practically insoluble in water

Basics

Dimetinden is an antihistamine and anticholinergic. Dimetinden is used orally and topically as an antipruritic (anti-itch) agent. It is used topically to treat skin irritations, such as insect bites. Dimetind is also given orally to treat allergies such as hay fever and allergic rhinitis.

Pharmacology

Pharmacodynamics

Dimethindene is a selective histamine H1 antagonist and binds to the histamine H1 receptor. This blocks the action of endogenous histamine, resulting in temporary relief of negative symptoms caused by histamine. Furthermore, Dimetinden can also be used as an anticholinergic in neurological disorders.

Drug

interactionsSimultaneous

use

with tricyclic antidepressants may lead to an increased risk of glaucoma in certain individuals

.

Dimetinden may also increase the effects of centrally acting agents and alcohol.

Toxicity

As with other antihistamines, overdose may result in the following symptoms:

  • CNS depression with drowsiness (especially in adults),
  • CNS stimulation and antimuscarinic effects (especially in children) including the following symptoms: agitation, ataxia, hallucinations, tonic or clonic convulsions, mydriasis, dry mouth, redness of the face, urinary retention, fever, and tachycardia.
  • A severe drop in blood pressure is also possible.

Toxicological data

LD50 (rat, oral): 618 mg-kg-1

Sources

  • Drugbank
  • PubChem
  • Aktories, Förstermann, Hofmann, Starke: Allgemeine und spezielle Pharmakologie und Toxikologie, Elsvier, 2017
Markus Falkenstätter

Markus Falkenstätter
Author

Markus Falkenstätter ist Autor zu pharmazeutischen Themen in der Medizin-Redaktion von Medikamio. Er befindet sich im letzten Semester seines Pharmaziestudiums an der Universität Wien und liebt das wissenschaftliche Arbeiten im Bereich der Naturwissenschaften.

Mag. pharm Stefanie Lehenauer

Mag. pharm Stefanie Lehenauer
Lector

Stefanie Lehenauer ist seit 2020 freie Autorin bei Medikamio und studierte Pharmazie an der Universität Wien. Sie arbeitet als Apothekerin in Wien und ihre Leidenschaft sind pflanzliche Arzneimittel und deren Wirkung.

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