The antihistamine and antiallergic effects are based on the blocking of the H1 histamine receptor by hydroxycin and its active attenuation of activity.
Durch die Beeinflussung von Botenstoffsystemen im Gehirn wirkt das Arzneimittel auch beruhigend, sedierend und krampflösend.
Die Wirkung von Hydroxycin tritt innerhalb von 15 bis 60 Minuten ein und hält bis zu 6 Stunden an.
After oral administration, hydroxycin is rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and reaches maximum plasma concentration after approximately 2 hours. The drug is metabolized in the liver by the CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 enzymes. 70% of the active intermediate hydroxyzine is excreted in the urine. The half-life in children, adults, and the elderly is approximately 7, 20, and 29 hours, respectively.
Hydroxycin should not be taken in case of:
- severe liver or kidney failure
- Prostate enlargement
- Narrow-angle glaucoma
- pregnancy and breastfeeding
Interactions with alcohol, central depressant drugs, MAO inhibitors, parasympathomimetics and antihypertensives are possible with concomitant use, as well as with betahistine, epinephrine, phenytoin and cimetidine.