Cerezyme is used to treat patients who have a confirmed diagnosis of Type I or Type 3 Gaucher disease, who show signs of the disease such as: anaemia (low number of red blood cells), a tendency to bleed easily (due to low numbers of platelets - a type of blood cell), spleen or liver enlargement or bone disease.
People with Gaucher disease have low levels of an enzyme called acid -glucosidase. This enzyme helps the body control levels of glucosylceramide. Glucosylceramide is a natural substance in the body, made of sugar and fat . In Gaucher disease glucosylceramide levels can get too high.
Cerezyme is an artificial enzyme called imiglucerase - this can replace the natural enzyme acid -glucosidase which is lacking or not active enough in patients with Gaucher disease.
The information in this leaflet applies to all patient groups including children, adolescents, adults and the elderly.
|Table of Contents|
|What do you have to consider before using it?|
|How is it used?|
|What are possible side effects?|
|How should it be stored?|
Do not use Cerezyme
- If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to imiglucerase, or
- if you are allergic to any of the other ingredients of Cerezyme.
Take special care with Cerezyme
- If you are treated with Cerezyme, you may experience an allergic reaction while you are being given the medicine or shortly after. If you experience a reaction like this, you should tell your doctor immediately. Your doctor may test if you have an allergic reaction to imiglucerase.
- Some patients with Gaucher disease have high blood pressure in the lungs (pulmonary hypertension). The cause can be unknown, or it can be due to heart, lung or liver problems. It can occur whether the patient is treated with Cerezyme or not. But, if you suffer with any shortness of breath you should tell your doctor.
Using other medicines
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.
Cerezyme should not be given as a mixture with other medicinal products in the same infusion (drip).
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before using this medicine if you are pregnant or think you may be pregnant. Cautious use of Cerezyme during pregnancy and breastfeeding is recommended.
Important information about some of the ingredients of Cerezyme
This medicinal product contains sodium and is administered in 0.9% sodium chloride intravenous solution. To be taken into consideration by patients on a controlled sodium diet.
Instructions for proper use
Cerezyme is given through a drip into a vein (by intravenous infusion).
It is supplied as a powder which will be mixed with sterile water before it is given.
Cerezyme is only used under the supervision of a doctor who is knowledgeable in the treatment of Gaucher disease. Your Doctor may advise that you can be treated at home provided you meet certain criteria. Please contact your Doctor if you would like to be treated at home.
Your dose will be specific to you. Your doctor will work out your dose based on how severe your symptoms are, and other factors. The recommended dose of Cerezyme is 60 units/kg body weight given once every 2 weeks.
Your doctor will keep a close check on your response to your treatment, and may change your dose (up or down) until he/she finds the best dose to control your symptoms.
Once this dose is found your doctor will still keep a check on your responses to make sure you are using the right dose. This might be every 6 to 12 months.
There is no information on the effect of Cerezyme on brain-based symptoms of patients with chronic neuronopathic Gaucher disease. Therefore no special dosage regimen can be recommended.
The ICGG Gaucher Registry
You can ask your doctor to register your patient information into the ?ICGG Gaucher Registry?. The aims of this Registry are to increase the understanding of Gaucher disease and to check how well enzyme replacement therapy, like Cerezyme, works. This should lead to an improvement in the safe and effective use of Cerezyme. Your patient data will be registered anonymously? nobody will know it is information about you.
If you use more Cerezyme than you should
There are no cases of overdose of Cerezyme reported.
If you forget to use Cerezyme
If you have missed an infusion, please contact your doctor.
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Like all medicines, Cerezyme can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
If you experience any serious side effects or side effects not listed below, please tell your doctor immediately.
Common side effects (occurring in more than 1 in 100 patients) are:
- hives/ localised swelling of the skin or lining of the mouth or throat
Uncommon side effects (occurring in more than 1 in 1000 patients) are:
- a sensation of tingling, pricking, burning or numbness of the skin
- increased heart rate
- bluish skin
- fall in blood pressure
- abdominal cramping
- pain in the joints
- infusion site discomfort
- infusion site burning
- infusion site swelling
- injection site sterile abcess
- chest discomfort
Some side effects were seen primarily while patients were being given the medicine or shortly after. These have included itching, flushing, hives/localised swelling of the skin or lining of the mouth or throat, chest discomfort, increased heart rate, bluish skin, breathlessness, a sensation of tingling, pricking, burning or numbness of the skin, fall in blood pressure and backache. If you experience any of these symptoms, please tell your doctor immediately. You may need to be given additional medicines to prevent an allergic reaction (e.g. antihistamines and/or corticosteroids).
If any of these side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
Do not use Cerezyme after the expiry date printed on the labelling after the letters ?EXP?. The expiry date refers to the last date of that month.
Unopened vials Store in a refrigerator 2 C 8 C
It is recommended that Cerezyme is used immediately after it has been mixed with sterile water. The mixed solution in the vial cannot be stored and should be promptly diluted in an infusion bag; only the diluted solution can be held for up to 24 hours if it is kept cool (2°C ? 8°C) and in the dark.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.
What Cerezyme contains
- The active substance is imiglucerase. Imiglucerase is a modified form of the human enzyme acid -glucosidase produced by recombinant DNA technology.One vial contains 200 units of imiglucerase. After reconstitution, the solution contains 40 units of imiglucerase per ml.
- Other ingredients are:
- Mannitol, Sodium citrate, Citric acid monohydrate, Polysorbate 80
What Cerezyme looks like and contents of the pack
Cerezyme, 200 U, is presented as a powder for concentrate for solution for infusion (in a vial- pack size of 1 or 25). Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Cerezyme is supplied as a white to off-white powder. After reconstitution it is a clear, colourless liquid, free from foreign matter. The reconstituted solution must be further diluted.
Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer
Marketing Authorisation Holder
Genzyme Europe B.V., Gooimeer 10, 1411 DD, Naarden, The Netherlands
Genzyme Ltd., 37 Hollands Road, Haverhill, Suffolk CB9 8PU, United Kingdom
For any information about this medicine, please contact the local representative of the Marketing Authorisation Holder.
Magyarország Genzyme Europe B.V. Képviselet Tel 36 1 310 7440 BelgiëBelgiqueBelgien LuxemburgLuxembourg Genzyme Belgium N.V., TélTel 32 2 714 17 11 Nederland Genzyme Europe B.V., Tel 31 35 6991200 Genzyme CEE GmbH . 359 2 971 1001 Österreich Genzyme Austria GmbH, Tel 43 1 774 65 38 eská RepublikaSlovenská Republika Slovenija Genzyme Czech s.r.o., Tel 420 420 221 722 511 DanmarkNorgeSverigeSuomiFinland Ísland Genzyme AS, DanmarkTanskaDanmörk, TlfPuh.Sími 45 32712600 PolskaEestiLatvijaLietuva Genzyme Polska Sp. z o. o. PoolaPolijaLenkija, Tel 48 22 24 60 900 Deutschland Genzyme GmbH, Tel 49 610236740 Portugal Genzyme Portugal, S.A., Tel 351 21 422 0100 Genzyme Hellas Ltd. 30 210 99 49 270 România Genzyme CEE GmbH- Reprezentana pentru România Tel 40212434228 España Genzyme, S.L.U., Tel 34 91 6591670 United KingdomIreland Genzyme Therapeutics Ltd. United Kingdom, Tel 44 1865 405200 France Genzyme S.A.S, Tél 33 0 825 825 863 ItaliaMalta Genzyme Srl ItaliaItalja, Tel 39 059 349811
This leaflet was last approved in:
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Instructions for use ? reconstitution, dilution and administration
Each vial of Cerezyme is for single use only. After reconstitution, each vial of Cerezyme contains 200 units of imiglucerase in 5.0 ml (40 units per ml).
Determine the number of vials to be reconstituted based on the individual patient's dosage regimen and remove the vials from the refrigerator.
Use Aseptic TechniqueReconstitution
Reconstitute each vial with 5.1 ml water for injections; avoid forceful impact of water for injections on the powder and, by mixing gently, avoid foaming of the solution. The reconstituted volume is 5.3 ml. The pH of the reconstituted solution is approximately 6.1.
After reconstitution it is a clear, colourless liquid, free from foreign matter. The reconstituted solution must be further diluted. Before further dilution, visually inspect the reconstituted solution in each vial for foreign particles and discoloration. Do not use vials exhibiting foreign particles or discoloration. After reconstitution, promptly dilute vials and do not store for subsequent use.
The reconstituted solution contains 40 units imiglucerase per ml. The reconstituted volume allows accurate withdrawal of 5.0 ml (equal to 200 units) from each vial. Withdraw 5.0 ml reconstituted solution from each vial and combine the withdrawn volumes. Then dilute the combined volumes with 0.9% sodium chloride intravenous solution to a total volume of 100 to 200 ml. Mix the infusion solution gently.
It is recommended to administer the diluted solution through an in-line low protein-binding 0.2 µm filter to remove any protein particles. This will not lead to any loss of imiglucerase activity. It is recommended that the diluted solution be administered within 3 hours. The product diluted in 0.9% sodium chloride intravenous solution will retain chemical stability if stored up to 24 hours at 2°C and 8°C under protection from light; but microbiological safety will depend on the reconstitution and dilution having been performed aseptically.
Cerezyme contains no preservatives. Any unused product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.