Emtriva 200 mg hard capsules

Emtriva 200 mg hard capsules
Substance(s) Emtricitabine
Admission country United Kingdom
Manufacturer Gilead Sciences International Ltd.
Narcotic No
ATC Code J05AF09
Pharmacological group Direct acting antivirals

Authorisation holder

Gilead Sciences International Ltd.

Drugs with same active substance

Drug Substance(s) Authorisation holder
Emtriva 10 mg/ml oral solution Emtricitabine Gilead Sciences International Ltd.

Patient’s Leaflet

What is it and how is it used?

Emtriva is a treatment for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection in adults, children and infants above 4 months of age. Emtriva 200 mg hard capsules are only suitable for patients who weigh at least 33 kg. Emtriva oral solution is available for people who have difficulty in swallowing Emtriva hard capsules.

Emtriva contains the active substanceemtricitabine. This active substance is an antiretroviral medicine which is used to treat HIV infection. Emtricitabine is a nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) which works by interfering with the normal working of an enzyme (reverse transcriptase) that is essential for the HIV virus to reproduce itself. Emtriva may lower the amount of HIV in the blood (viral load). It may also help to increase the number of T cells called CD4 cells. Emtriva should always be combined with other medicines to treat HIV infection.

You can still pass on HIV to others while you?re taking this drug, so it is important to take precautions to avoid infecting other people.

This medicine is not a cure for HIV infection. While taking Emtriva you may still develop infections or other illnesses associated with HIV infection.

What do you have to consider before using it?

Do not take Emtriva
  • If you are allergic(hypersensitive) to emtricitabine or any of the other ingredients of Emtriva 200 mg hard capsules listed at the end of this leaflet.
If this applies to you, tell your doctor immediately.
Take special care with Emtriva
  • Tell your doctor if you have had kidney disease, or if tests have shown problems with your kidneys. Before starting treatment, your doctor may order blood tests to assess kidney function

and may advise you to take the capsules less often or prescribe Emtriva oral solution. Your doctor may also order blood tests during treatment to monitor your kidneys.

  • Talk to your doctor if you are over 65. Emtriva has not been studied in patients over 65 years of age. If you are older than this and are prescribed Emtriva, your doctor will monitor you carefully.
  • Do not give Emtriva to infants under 4 months of age.
  • Talk to your doctor if you have a history of liver disease, including hepatitis. Patients with liver disease including chronic hepatitis B or C, who are treated with antiretrovirals, have a higher risk of severe and potentially fatal liver complications. If you have hepatitis B infection, your doctor will carefully consider the best treatment regimen for you. If you have a history of liver disease or chronic hepatitis B infection your doctor may conduct blood tests in order to carefully monitor liver function.
  • If you are diabetic, overweight or have high cholesterol, talk to your doctor. Combination antiretroviral therapies may raise blood sugar, increase blood fats (hyperlipaemia), cause changes to body fat, and resistance to insulin (see section 4, Possible side effects).
  • Once you start taking Emtriva, look out for possible signs of lactic acidosis. Medicines containing nucleoside analogues, including Emtriva, can cause lactic acidosis (excess of lactic acid in your blood), together with an enlarged liver. This is a rare but serious side effect; it has occasionally been fatal. Lactic acidosis occurs more often in women, particularly if they are very overweight. If you have liver disease you may also be more at risk of getting this condition. While you are being treated with Emtriva, your doctor will monitor you closely for any signs that you may be developing lactic acidosis. Signs are:
  • Deep, rapid breathing
  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea (feeling sick), vomiting and stomach pain If you notice any of these symptoms, tell your doctor immediately.
  • Look out for infections. If you have advanced HIV disease (AIDS) and another infection, you may develop inflammation or worsening of the symptoms of infection when you start treatment with Emtriva. These may be signs that your body?s improved immune system is fighting infection. If you notice signs of inflammation or infection soon after you start taking Emtriva, tell your doctor at once.
  • Bone problems. Some patients taking combination antiretroviral therapy may develop a bone disease called osteonecrosis (death of bone tissue caused by loss of blood supply to the bone). The length of combination antiretroviral therapy, corticosteroid use, alcohol consumption, severe immunosuppression, higher body mass index, among others, may be some of the many risk factors for developing this disease. Signs of osteonecrosis are joint stiffness, aches and pains (especially of the hip, knee and shoulder) and difficulty in movement. If you notice any of these symptoms please inform your doctor.
Taking other medicines

You should not take Emtriva if you are already taking other medicines that contain emtricitabine, lamivudine or zalcitabine, which are also used to treat HIV infection, unless otherwise directed by your doctor.

Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription. They will advise if Emtriva can be taken with your other medicines.

Do not stop your treatment without contacting your doctor.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding

Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.

  • You must not take Emtriva during pregnancy unless specifically directed by your doctor. There are no clinical data on the use of Emtriva in pregnant women and it is not usually used unless absolutely necessary.
  • If you could get pregnant during treatment with Emtriva, you must use an effective method of contraception to stop you getting pregnant.
  • If you become pregnant, or plan to become pregnant, ask your doctor about the potential benefits and risks of your antiretroviral therapy to you and your child.

If you have taken Emtriva during your pregnancy, your doctor may request regular blood tests and other diagnostic tests to monitor the development of your child. In children whose mothers took NRTIs during pregnancy, the benefit from the protection against HIV outweighed the risk of side effects.

  • Do not breast-feed if you are taking Emtriva. It is not yet known whether the active substance in this medicine passes into human breast milk. It is known that the virus can be passed to the baby in breast milk.
Driving and using machines

Emtriva may cause dizziness. If you experience dizziness while taking Emtriva, do not drive and do not use any tools or machines.

How is it used?

  • Always take Emtriva exactly as your doctor has told you. You should check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
The usual dose:
  • Adults: one 200 mg hard capsule each day with or without food. Swallow the hard capsule with a glass of water.
  • Children and adolescents up to 18 years of age who weigh at least 33 kg and who are able to swallow hard capsules: one 200 mg hard capsule, each day with or without food.

For infants from 4 months, children, and patients who are unable to swallow hard capsules and patients with kidney problems, Emtriva is available as a liquid (an oral solution). If you have difficulty in swallowing the capsules, tell your doctor.

  • Always take the dose recommended by your doctor. This is to make sure that your medicine is fully effective, and to reduce the risk of developing resistance to the treatment. Do not change the dose unless your doctor tells you to.
  • If you have problems with your kidneys, your doctor may advise you to take Emtriva less frequently.
  • Your doctor will prescribe Emtriva with other antiretroviral medicines. Please refer to the patient information leaflets of the other antiretrovirals for guidance on how to take those medicines.
If you take more Emtriva than you should

If you accidentally take too many Emtriva hard capsules, contact your doctor or nearest emergency department for advice. Keep the carton with you so that you can easily describe what you have taken.

If you forget to take Emtriva

It is important not to miss a dose of Emtriva.

If you do miss a dose of Emtriva, take it as soon as you can, and then take your next dose at its regular time.

If it is almost time for your next dose anyway, forget about the missed dose. Wait and take the next dose at the regular time. Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten hard capsule.

If you are sick(vomit)
If it?s less than an hour since you took Emtriva,
take another capsule. You do not need to take another capsule if you were sick more than an hour after taking Emtriva.

If you stop taking Emtriva
  • Don?t stop taking Emtriva without talking to your doctor. Stopping treatment with Emtriva may reduce the effectiveness of the anti-HIV therapy recommended by your doctor. Speak with your doctor before you stop, particularly if you are experiencing any side effects or you have another illness. Contact your doctor again before you restart taking Emtriva capsules.
  • If you have both HIV infection and hepatitis B, it is especially important not to stop your Emtriva treatment without talking to your doctor first. Some patients have had blood tests or symptoms indicating that their hepatitis has got worse after stopping Emtriva. You may require blood tests for several months after stopping treatment. In some patients with advanced liver disease or cirrhosis, stopping treatment is not recommended as this may lead to worsening of hepatitis.

Tell your doctor immediately about new or unusual symptoms after you stop treatment, particularly symptoms you associate with hepatitis B infection.

If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

What are possible side effects?

Like all medicines, Emtriva can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

Tell your doctor about any of the following side effects:

Very common side effects(These can affect more than 1 user in 10)

  • headache, diarrhoea, feeling sick (nausea)
  • muscle pain and weakness (if creatine kinase levels in the blood are increased)

Common side effects(These can affect 1 to 10 users in 100)

  • dizziness, weakness, difficulty sleeping, abnormal dreams
  • being sick (vomiting), problems with digestion resulting in discomfort after meals, stomach pain
  • rashes (including red spots or blotches sometimes with blistering and swelling of the skin), which may be allergic reactions, itching, changes in skin colour including darkening of the skin in patches
  • pain
Tests may also show:
  • low white blood cell count (a reduced white blood cell count can make you more prone to infection)
  • increased triglycerides (fatty acids), bile or sugar in the blood
  • liver and pancreas problems

Uncommon side effects(These can affect 1 to 10 users in 1,000)

  • anaemia (low red blood cell count)
  • swelling of the face, lips, tongue or throat

Children given emtricitabine experienced changes in skin colour including darkening of the skin in patches (very common) and anaemia (common). Anaemia means the production of red blood cells is reduced, and a child may have symptoms of tiredness or breathlessness.

Medicines like Emtriva can cause lactic acidosis (excess lactic acid in the blood). The following may be signs of lactic acidosis:

  • Deep, rapid breathing
  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea (feeling sick), vomiting and stomach pain If you notice any of these symptoms, tell your doctor immediately.

Combination antiretroviral therapy (including Emtriva) may change your body shape, by changing the way body fat is distributed. You may lose fat from your legs, arms and face; gain fat around the abdomen (tummy) and internal organs; get larger breasts or fatty lumps on the back of the neck (?buffalo hump?). The cause and the long-term effects of these changes are not yet known.

Combination antiretroviral therapy may also cause hyperlipaemia (increased fats in the blood) and resistance to insulin. Your doctor will test for these changes.

If you get any of the side effects listed, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, tell your doctor.

How should it be stored?

Keep out of the reach and sight of children.

Do not use Emtriva after the expiry date which is stated on the bottle, blister pack and outer carton after {EXP}. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.

This medicine does not require any special storage conditions.

Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.

Further information

What Emtriva contains
  • The active substance isemtricitabine. Each hard capsule contains 200 mg emtricitabine.
  • The other ingredients are:

Capsule contents: microcrystalline cellulose (E460), crospovidone, magnesium stearate (E572), povidone (E1201)

Capsule shell: gelatin, indigotine (E132), titanium dioxide (E171)

Printing ink containing: black iron oxide (E172), shellac (E904)

What Emtriva looks like and contents of the pack

Emtriva hard capsules have a white opaque body with a light blue opaque cap. Each capsule is printed with ?200 mg? on the cap and ?GILEAD? and [Gilead logo] on the body in black ink. Emtriva comes in bottles or blister packs containing 30 capsules.

Emtriva is also available as an oral solution for use in children and infants older than 4 months, patients who have difficulty in swallowing and patients with kidney problems. There is a separate Package Leaflet for Emtriva 10 mg/ml oral solution.

Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer

Marketing Authorisation Holder:
Gilead Sciences International Limited
CB21 6GT
United Kingdom

Gilead Sciences Limited
IDA Business & Technology Park
Carrigtohill Co. Cork

For any information about this medicine, please contact the local representative of the Marketing Authorisation Holder:

BelgiëBelgiqueBelgien Gilead Sciences Belgium BVBA TélTel 32 0 24 01 35 79 LuxembourgLuxemburg Gilead Sciences Belgium BVBA TélTel 32 0 24 01 35 79

Gilead Sciences International Ltd Te 44 0 20 7136 8820 Magyarország Gilead Sciences International Ltd Tel 44 0 20 7136 8820

eská republika Gilead Sciences International Ltd Tel 44 0 20 7136 8820 Malta Gilead Sciences International Ltd Tel 44 0 20 7136 8820

Danmark Gilead Sciences Sweden AB Tlf 46 0 8 5057 1849 Nederland Gilead Sciences Netherlands B.V. Tel 31 0 20 718 3698

Deutschland Gilead Sciences GmbH Tel 49 0 89 899890-0 Norge Gilead Sciences Sweden AB Tlf 46 0 8 5057 1849

Eesti Gilead Sciences International Ltd Tel 44 0 20 7136 8820 Österreich Gilead Sciences GesmbH Tel 43 1 260 830

Gilead Sciences .. 30 210 8930 100 Polska Gilead Sciences International Ltd Tel 44 0 20 7136 8820

España Gilead Sciences, S.L. Tel 34 91 378 98 30 Portugal Gilead Sciences, Lda. Tel 351 21 7928790

France Gilead Sciences Tél 33 0 1 42 73 70 70 România Gilead Sciences International Ltd Tel 44 0 20 7136 8820

Ireland Gilead Sciences Ltd Tel 44 0 1223 897555 Slovenija Gilead Sciences International Ltd Tel 44 0 20 7136 8820

Ísland Gilead Sciences Sweden AB Sími 46 0 8 5057 1849 Slovenská republika Gilead Sciences International Ltd Tel 44 0 20 7136 8820

Italia Gilead Sciences S.r.l. Tel 39 02 439201 SuomiFinland Gilead Sciences Sweden AB PuhTel 46 0 8 5057 1849

Gilead Sciences .. 30 210 8930 100 Sverige Gilead Sciences Sweden AB Tel 46 0 8 5057 1849

Latvija Gilead Sciences International Ltd Tel 44 0 20 7136 8820 United Kingdom Gilead Sciences Ltd Tel 44 0 1223 897555

Gilead Sciences International Ltd
Tel: + 44 (0) 20 7136 8820

This leaflet was last approved in
Substance(s) Emtricitabine
Admission country United Kingdom
Manufacturer Gilead Sciences International Ltd.
Narcotic No
ATC Code J05AF09
Pharmacological group Direct acting antivirals


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