Repaglinide Krka is an oral antidiabetic treatment medicine containing repaglinide which helps your pancreas produce more insulin and thereby lower blood sugar levels.
Type 2 diabetes is a disease in which your pancreas does not make enough insulin to control the sugar in your blood or where your body does not respond normally to the insulin it produces (formerly known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or maturity onset diabetes).
Repaglinide Krka is used to control type 2 diabetes as add-on to diet and exercise: treatment is usually started if diet, exercise and weight loss alone have not been able to control (or lower) your blood sugar.
|Table of Contents|
|What do you have to consider before using it?|
|How is it used?|
|What are possible side effects?|
|How should it be stored?|
Do not take Repaglinide Krka
- if you are hypersensitive (allergic) to repaglinide or any of the other components of Repaglinide Krka,
- if you have type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent),
- if the acid level in your body is raised (diabetic ketoacidosis),
- if you have a severe liver disease,
- if you take gemfibrozil (a medicine used to lower fat levels in the blood).
If any of these apply to you, tell your doctor and do not take Repaglinide Krka.
Take special care with Repaglinide Krka
- if you have liver problems. Repaglinide Krka is not recommended in patients with moderate liver disease. Repaglinide Krka should not be taken if you have a severe liver disease (see Do not takeRepaglinide Krka).
- if you have kidney problems. Repaglinide Krka should be taken with caution.
- if you are about to have major surgery or you have recently suffered a severe illness or infection. At such times diabetic control may be lost.
- if you are under 18 or over 75 years of age. Repaglinide has not been studied in these age groups, therefore it is not recommended.
Talk to your doctor if any of the above applies to you. Repaglinide Krka may not be suitable for you to use. Your doctor will advise you.
If you get a hypo
You may get a hypo (short for a hypoglycaemic reaction and is symptoms of low blood sugar) if your blood sugar gets too low. This may happen:
- if you take too much Repaglinide Krka,
- if you exercise more than usual,
- if you take other medicines or suffer from liver or kidney problems (see other sections of 2. Before you take Repaglinide Krka).
The warning signs of a hypo may come on suddenly and can include: cold sweat, cool pale skin, headache, rapid heart beat, feeling sick, feeling very hungry, temporary changes in vision, drowsiness, unusual tiredness and weakness, nervousness or tremor, feeling anxious, feeling confused, difficulty in concentrating.
If your blood sugar is low or you feel a hypo coming on eat glucose tablets or a high sugar snack or drink, then rest.
When symptoms of hypoglycaemia have disappeared or when blood sugar levels are stabilised continue repaglinide treatment.
Tell people you have diabetes and that if you pass out (become unconscious) due to a hypo, they must turn you on your side and get medical help straight away. They must not give you any food or drink. It could choke you.
If severe hypoglycaemia is not treated, it can cause brain damage (temporary or permanent) and even death.
If you have a hypo that makes you pass out, or a lot of hypos, talk to your doctor. The amount of Repaglinide Krka, food or exercise may need to be adjusted.
If your blood sugar gets too high
Your blood sugar may get too high (hyperglycaemia). This may happen:
- if you take too little Repaglinide Krka,
- if you have an infection or a fever,
- if you eat more than usual,
- if you exercise less than usual.
The warning signs appear gradually. They include: increased urination, feeling thirsty, dry skin and dry mouth. Talk to your doctor. The amount of Repaglinide Krka, food or exercise may need to be adjusted.
Taking other medicines
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.
If you take gemfibrozil (used to lower increased fat levels in the blood) you should not take Repaglinide Krka.
Your body?s response to Repaglinide Krka may change if you take other medicines, especially these:
- Metformin, another anti-diabetic medicine leading to increased chances of low blood sugars.
- Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (used to treat depression).
- Non-selective beta blocking agents (used to treat high blood pressure and certain heart conditions).
- Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitors (used to treat certain heart conditions).
- Salicylates (e.g. aspirin).
- Octreotide (used to treat cancer).
- Non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID, a painkiller).
- Steroids (anabolic steroids and corticosteroids ? used for anaemia or to treat inflammation).
- Oral contraceptives (used for birth control).
- Thiazides (used to stimulate urine output).
- Danazol (used to treat breast cysts and endometriosis).
- Thyroid products (used to treat low levels of thyroid hormones).
- Sympathomimetics (used to treat asthma).
- Clarithromycin, trimethoprim, rifampicin (antibiotic medicine).
- Itraconazole, ketokonazole (antifungal medicines).
- Gemfibrozil (used to treat high blood fats).
- Ciclosporin (used to suppress the immune system).
- Phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital (used to treat epilepsy).
- St.John?s wort (herbal medicine).
Taking Repaglinide Krka with food and drink
Take Repaglinide Krka before main meals. Alcohol can change the ability of Repaglinide Krka to reduce the blood sugar. Watch for signs of a hypo.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.
You should not take Repaglinide Krka if you are pregnant or you are planning to become pregnant. See your doctor as soon as possible if you become pregnant or are planning to become pregnant during treatment.
You should not take Repaglinide Krka if you are breast-feeding.
Driving and using machines
Your ability to drive or operate a machine may be affected if your blood sugar is low or high. Bear in mind that you could endanger yourself or others. Please ask your doctor whether you can drive a car if you:
- have frequent hypos,
- have few or no warning signs of hypos.
Your doctor will work out your dose.
- The normal starting dose is 0.5 mg before each main meal. Swallow the tablets with a glass of water immediately before or up to 30 minutes before each main meal.
- The dose may be adjusted by your doctor by up to 4 mg to be taken immediately before or up to 30 minutes before each main meal. The maximum recommended daily dose is 16 mg.
Do not take more Repaglinide Krka than your doctor has recommended. Always take Repaglinide Krka exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor if you are not sure.
If you take more Repaglinide Krka than you should
If you take more tablets than you should, your blood sugar may become too low leading to a hypoglycaemic event. Please see If you get a hypo on what a hypo is and how to treat it.
If you forget to take Repaglinide Krka
If you forget to take a dose, take the next dose as usual.
Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten tablet.
If you stop taking Repaglinide Krka
Be aware that the desired effect is not achieved if you stop taking Repaglinide Krka. Your diabetes may get worse. If any change is necessary it is absolutely important to contact your doctor first.
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Like all medicines, Repaglinide Krka can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Possible side effects
Common (affects 1 to 10 users in 100):
- Hypoglycaemia (see If you get a hypo ) The risk of getting a hypo may increase if you take other medicines .
- Stomach pain
Rare (affects 1 to 10 users in 10,000):
- Acute coronary syndrome (sudden heart pain), but it may not be due to the drug
Very rare (affects less than 1 user in 10,000):
- Allergy (such as swelling, difficulty in breathing, rapid heart beat, feeling dizzy, sweating which could be signs of anaphylactic reaction) Contact a doctor immediately.
- Visual disturbances
- Severe liver problems (abnormal liver function, increased liver enzymes in your blood)
Not known (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data)
- Hypoglycaemic coma or unconsciousness (very severe hypoglycaemic reactions). A doctor should be contacted immediately. See the section Take special carefor symptoms and advice in If you get a hypo or low blood sugar.
- Hypersensitivity (such as rash, itchy skin, reddening of the skin, swelling of the skin; if this happens tell your doctor as soon as possible)
- Feeling sick (nausea)
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
Keep out of the reach and sight of children.
Do not use Repaglinide Krka after the expiry date which is stated on the blister and outer carton. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Store in the original package in order to protect from light.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.
What Repaglinide Krka contains
- The active substance is repaglinide. Each tablet contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg or 2 mg repaglinide.
- The other ingredients are: microcrystalline cellulose (E460); calcium hydrogen phosphate, anhydrous; croscarmellose sodium; povidone K25; glycerol; magnesium stearate; meglumine; poloxamer; yellow iron oxide (E172) only in the 1 mg tablets and red iron oxide (E172) only in the 2 mg tablets
What Repaglinide Krka looks like and contents of the pack
The 0.5 mg tablets are white, round and biconvex with bevelled edges.
The 1 mg tablets are pale brown-yellow, round, biconvex with bevelled edges and possible darker spots.
The 2 mg tablets are pink, marbled, round, biconvex with bevelled edges and possible darker spots.
Boxes of 30, 60, 90, 120, 270 or 360 tablets in blister are available.
Not all pack sizes may be marketed.
Marketing Authorisation Holder
KRKA, d.d., Novo mesto, ?marje?ka cesta 6, 8501 Novo mesto, Slovenia
KRKA, d.d., Novo mesto, ?marje?ka cesta 6, 8501 Novo mesto, Slovenia
TAD Pharma GmbH, Heinz-Lohmann-Straße 5, 27472 Cuxhaven, Germany
For any information about this medicine, please contact the local representative of the Marketing Authorisation Holder:
BelgiëBelgiqueBelgien KRKA, d.d., Novo mesto TélTel 32 03 321 63 52 LuxembourgLuxemburg KRKA, d.d., Novo mesto TélTel 32 03 321 63 52
KRKA Te. 359 02 962 34 50 Magyarország KRKA Magyarország Kereskedelmi Kft. Tel. 361 0 355 8490
eská republika KRKA R, s.r.o. Tel 420 0 221 115 150 Malta KRKA Pharma Dublin, Ltd. Tel 46 8 643 67 66
Danmark KRKA Sverige AB Tlf 46 08 643 67 66 SE Nederland KRKA, d.d., Novo mesto Tel 32 3 321 63 52 BE
Deutschland TAD Pharma GmbH Tel 49 0 4721 6060 Norge KRKA Sverige AB Tlf 46 08 643 67 66 SE
Eesti KRKA, d.d., Novo mesto Eesti filiaal Tel 372 06 597 365 Österreich Alternova Arzneimittel GmbH Tel 43 01 66 24 300
QUALIA PHARMA S.A. 30 0210 2832941 Polska KRKA Polska Sp.z.o.o Tel. 48 022 573 7500
España KRKA, d.d., Novo mesto Tel 34 061 5089 809 Portugal KRKA Farmacêutica, Unipessoal Lda. Tel 351 021 46 43 650
France KRKA, d.d., Novo mesto Tél 32 3 321 63 52 BE România KRKA Romania S.R.L., Bucharest Tel 402 01 310 66 05
Ireland KRKA Pharma Dublin, Ltd. Tel 46 8 643 67 66 Slovenija KRKA, d.d., Novo mesto Tel 386 0 1 47 51 100
Ísland KRKA Sverige AB Sími 46 08 643 67 66 SE Slovenská republika KRKA Slovensko, s.r.o., Tel 421 0 2 571 04 501
Italia KRKA, d.d., Novo mesto Tel 39 069448827 SuomiFinland KRKA Sverige AB PuhTel 46 08 643 67 66 SE
Kipa Pharmacal Ltd. 357 24 651 882 Sverige KRKA Sverige AB Tel 46 08 643 67 66 SE
Latvija KRKA, d.d., Novo mesto Tel 371 0733 8610 United Kingdom KRKA Pharma Dublin, Ltd. Tel 46 8 643 67 66
KRKA, d.d., Novo mestoTel: + 370 5 236 27 40