Escitalopram Teva 20 mg/ml, druppels voor oraal gebruik, oplossing

Illustratie van Escitalopram Teva 20 mg/ml, druppels voor oraal gebruik, oplossing
Stof(fen) Escitalopram
Toelating Nederland
Producent Teva
Verdovend Nee
ATC-Code N06AB10
Farmacologische groep Antidepressiva




Waarvoor wordt dit middel gebruikt?

Escitalopram belongs to a group of antidepressants called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). These medicines act on the serotonin-system in the brain by increasing the serotonin level. Disturbances in the serotonin-system are considered an important factor in the development of depression and related diseases.

< Invented Name > < 20 mg/ml oral drops solution > contains escitalopram and is used to treat depression (major depressive episodes) and anxiety disorders (such as panic disorder with or without agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder, generalised anxiety disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder).


Wanneer mag u dit middel niet gebruiken of moet u er extra voorzichtig mee zijn?

Do not take < Invented Name >:

  • If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to escitalopram or any of the other ingredients of < Invented Name > (see section 6 "Further information").
  • If you take other medicines which belongs to a group called MAO inhibitors, including selegiline (used in the treatment of Parkinson´s disease), moclobemide (used in the treatment of depression) and linezolid (an antibiotic).
  • If you are born with or have had an episode of abnormal heart rhythm (seen at ECG; an examination to evaluate how the heart is functioning)
  • If you take medicines for heart rhythm problems or that may affect the heart’s rhythm (see section 2 “Taking other medicines”)

Please tell your doctor if you have any other condition or illness, as your doctor may need to take this into consideration. In particular, tell your doctor:

  • If you have epilepsy. Treatment with < Invented Name > should be stopped if seizures occur or if there is an increase in the seizure frequency (see also section 4 "Possible side effects").
  • If you suffer from impaired liver or kidney function. Your doctor may need to adjust your dosage.
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  • If you have diabetes. Treatment with < Invented Name > may alter glycaemic control. Insulin and/or oral hypoglycaemic dosage may need to be adjusted.
  • If you have a decreased level of sodium in the blood.
  • If you have a tendency to easily develop bleedings or bruises.
  • If you are receiving electroconvulsive treatment.
  • If you have a coronary heart disease.
  • If you suffer or have suffered from heart problems or have recently had a heart attack
  • If you have a low resting heart-rate and/or you know that you may have salt depletion as a result of prolonged severe diarrhoea and vomiting (being sick) or usage of diuretics (water tablets)
  • If you experience a fast or irregular heartbeat, fainting, collapse or dizziness on standing up, which may indicate abnormal functioning of the heart rate

Please note:

Some patients with manic-depressive illness may enter into a manic phase. This is characterized by unusual and rapidly changing ideas, inappropriate happiness and excessive physical activity. If you experience this, contact your doctor.

Symptoms such as restlessness or difficulty in sitting or standing still can also occur during the first weeks of the treatment. Tell your doctor immediately if you experience these symptoms.

Thoughts of suicide and worsening of your depression or anxiety disorder:

If you are depressed and/or have anxiety disorders you can sometimes have thoughts of harming or killing yourself. These may be increased when first starting antidepressants, since these medicines all take time to work, usually about two weeks but sometimes longer. You may be more likely to think like this:

  • If you have previously had thoughts about killing or harming yourself.
  • If you are a young adult. Information from clinical trials has shown an increased risk of suicidal behaviour in adults aged less than 25 years with psychiatric conditions

who were treated with an antidepressant.

If you have thoughts of harming or killing yourself at any time, contact your doctor or go to a hospital straight away.

You may find it helpful to tell a relative or close friend that you are depressed or have an anxiety disorder, and ask them to read this leaflet. You might ask them to tell you if they think your depression or anxiety is getting worse, or if they are worried about changes in your behaviour.

Children and adolescents under 18 years of age:

< Invented Name > should normally not be used for children and adolescents under 18 years. Also, you should know that patients under 18 have an increased risk of side effects such as suicide attempts, suicidal thoughts and hostility (predominately aggression, oppositional behaviour and anger) when they take this class of medicines. Despite this, your doctor may prescribe < Invented Name > for patients under 18 because he/she decides that this is in their best interest. If your doctor has prescribed < Invented Name > for a patient under 18 and you want to discuss this, please go back to your doctor.

You should inform your doctor if any symptoms listed above develop or worsen when

patients under 18 are taking < Invented Name >. Also, the long-term safety effects concerning growth, maturation and cognitive and behavioural development of < Invented Name > in this age group have not yet been demonstrated.

Other medicines and < Invented Name >:

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Please tell your doctor if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without prescription. Tell your doctor if you taking any of the following medicines:

  • "Non-selective monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)", containing phenelzine, iproniazid, isocarboxazid, nialamide, and tranylcypromine as active ingredients. If you have taken any of these medicines you will need to wait 14 days before you start taking < Invented Name >. After stopping < Invented Name > you must allow 7 days before taking any of these medicines.
  • "Reversible, selective MAO-A inhibitors", containing moclobemide (used to treat depression).
  • "Irreversible MAO-B inhibitors", containing selegiline (used to treat Parkinson’s disease). These increase the risk of side effects.
  • The antibiotic linezolid
  • Lithium (used in the treatment of manic-depressive disorder) and tryptophan.
  • Imipramine and desipramine (both used to treat depression).
  • Sumatriptan and similar medicines (used to treat migraine) and tramadol (used against severe pain). These increase the risk of side effects.
  • Cimetidine and omeprazole (used to treat stomach ulcers), fluvoxamine (antidepressant) and ticlopidine (used to reduce the risk of stroke). These may cause increased blood levels of escitalopram.
  • St. John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum) - a herbal remedy used for depression.
  • Acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (medicines used for pain relief or to thin the blood, so called anticoagulants). These may increase bleeding-tendency.
  • Warfarin, dipyridamole, and phenprocoumon (medicines used to thin the blood, so called anticoagulants). Your doctor will probably check the coagulation time of your blood when starting and discontinuing < Invented Name > in order to verify that your dose of anticoagulant is still adequate.
  • Mefloquine (used to treat malaria), bupropion (used to treat depression) and tramadol (used to treat severe pain) due to a possible risk of a lowered threshold for seizures.
  • Neuroleptics (medicines to treat schizophrenia, psychosis) due to a possible risk of a lowered threshold for seizures, and antidepressants.
  • Flecainide, propafenone, and metoprolol (used in cardiovascular diseases), clomipramine, and nortriptyline (antidepressants) and risperidone, thioridazine, and haloperidol (antipsychotics). The dosage of < Invented Name > may need to be adjusted.
  • Medicinal products which may cause low blood levels of potassium or magnesium (in particular diuretics (water tablets)). Please ask your doctor or pharmacist if the medicinal product(s) you are taking/using concomitantly with < Invented Name > belong(s) to this group.

DO NOT TAKE < Invented Name > if you take medicines for heart rhythm problems or medicines that may affect the heart’s rhythm, such as Class IA and III antiarrhythmics, antipsychotics (e.g. phenothiazine derivatives, pimozide, haloperidol), tricyclic antidepressants , certain antimicrobial agents (e.g. sparfloxacin, moxifloxacin, erythromycin IV, pentamidine, anti-malarian treatment particularly halofantrine), certain antihistamines (astemizole, mizolastine). If you have any further questions about this you should speak to your doctor.

  • Invented Name > with food, drink and alcohol:
  • Invented Name > can be taken with or without food (see section 3 "How to take < Invented Name > "). As with many medicines, combining < Invented Name > with alcohol is not advisable, although < Invented Name > is not expected to interact with alcohol.

Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility:

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Inform your doctor if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. Do not take < Invented Name > if you are pregnant or breast-feeding, unless you and your doctor have discussed the risks and benefits involved. It is expected that <invented name> will be excreted in human milk. Consequently, breast-feeding is not recommended during treatment.

If you take < Invented Name > during the last 3 months of your pregnancy you should be aware that the following effects may be seen in your newborn baby: trouble with breathing, bluish skin, fits, body temperature changes, feeding difficulties, vomiting, low blood sugar, stiff or floppy muscles, vivid reflexes, tremor, jitteriness, irritability, lethargy, constant crying, sleepiness and sleeping difficulties. If your newborn baby has any of these symptoms, please contact your doctor immediately.

Make sure your midwife and/or doctor know you are on < Invented Name >. When taken during pregnancy, particularly in the last 3 months of pregnancy, medicines like < Invented Name > may increase the risk of a serious condition in babies, called persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN), making the baby breathe faster and appear bluish. These symptoms usually begin during the first 24 hours after the baby is born. If this happens to your baby you should contact your midwife and/or doctor immediately.

If used during pregnancy < Invented Name > should never be stopped abruptly.

Citalopram, a medicine like escitalopram, has been shown to reduce the quality of sperm in animal studies. Theoretically, this could affect fertility, but impact on human fertility has not been observed as yet.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.

Driving and using machines:

You are advised not to drive a car or operate machinery until you know how < Invented Name > affects you.

< Invented Name > contains ethanol:

This medicinal product contains small amounts of ethanol (alcohol), less than 100 mg per dose. Each drop contains 4.7 mg ethanol.


Hoe gebruikt u dit middel?

Always take < Invented Name > exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.

Count the required number of drops into your drink (water, orange juice or apple juice), stir it briefly and then drink all of it.

Do not mix the < Invented Name > with other liquids and do not mix them with other medicinal products.



The usual dose of < Invented Name > is 10 mg (10 drops) taken as one daily dose. The dose may be increased by your doctor to a maximum of 20 mg (20 drops) per day.

Panic disorder

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The starting dose of < Invented Name > is 5 mg (5 drops) per day for the first week before increasing the dose to 10 mg (10 drops) per day. Your doctor may increase the dose to a maximum of 20 mg (20 drops) per day.

Social anxiety disorder

The normally recommended dose of < Invented Name > is 10 mg (10 drops) taken as one daily dose. Your doctor can either decrease your dose to 5 mg (5 drops) per day or increase the dose to a maximum of 20 mg (20 drops) per day, depending on how you respond to the medicine.

Generalised anxiety disorder

The normally recommended dose of < Invented Name > is 10 mg (10 drops) taken as one daily dose. The dose may be increased by your doctor to a maximum of 20 mg (20 drops) per day.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder

The normally recommended dose of < Invented Name > is 10 mg (10 drops) taken as one daily dose. The dose may be increased by your doctor to a maximum of 20 mg (20 drops) per day.

Elderly patients (above 65 years of age):

The recommended starting dose of < Invented Name > is 5 mg (5 drops) taken as one daily dose. The dose may be increased by your doctor to 10 mg per day.

Use in children and adolescents (below 18 years of age):

< Invented Name > should not normally be given to children and adolescents. For further information please see section 2 "Before you take < Invented Name > ".

Duration of treatment:

It may take a couple of weeks before you start to feel better. Continue to take < Invented Name > even if it takes some time before you feel any improvement in your condition. Do not change the dose of your medicine without talking to your doctor first.

Continue to take < Invented Name > for as long as your doctor recommends. If you stop your treatment too soon, your symptoms may return. It is recommended that treatment should be continued for at least 6 months after you feel well again.

If you take more < Invented Name > than you should:

If you take more than the prescribed dose of < Invented Name >, contact your doctor or nearest hospital emergency department immediately. Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort. Some of the signs of an overdose could be dizziness, tremor, agitation, convulsion, coma, nausea, vomiting, change in heart rhythm, decreased blood pressure and change in body fluid/salt balance. Take the < Invented Name > box/container with you when you go to the doctor or hospital.

If you forget to take < Invented Name >:

Do not take a double dose to make up for forgotten doses. If you do forget to take a dose, and you remember before you go to bed, take it straight away. Carry on as usual the next day. If you only remember during the night, or the next day, leave out the missed dose and carry on as usual.

If you stop taking < Invented Name >:

Do not stop taking < Invented Name > until your doctor tells you to do so. When you have completed your course of treatment, it is generally advised that the dose of < Invented Name > is gradually reduced over a number of weeks.

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When you stop taking < Invented Name >, especially if it is abruptly, you may feel discontinuation symptoms. These are common when treatment with < Invented Name > is stopped. The risk is higher, when < Invented Name > has been used for a long time or in high doses or when the dose is reduced too quickly. Most people find that the symptoms are mild and go away on their own within two weeks. However, in some patients they may be severe in intensity or they may be prolonged (2-3 months or more). If you get severe discontinuation symptoms when you stop taking < Invented Name >, please contact your doctor. He or she may ask you to start taking your drops again and come off them more slowly.

Discontinuation symptoms include: Feeling dizzy (unsteady or off-balance), feelings like pins and needles, burning sensations and (less commonly) electric shock sensations (including in the head), sleep disturbances (vivid dreams, nightmares, inability to sleep), feeling anxious, headaches, feeling sick (nausea), sweating (including night sweats), feeling restless or agitated, tremor (shakiness), feeling confused or disorientated, feeling emotional or irritable, diarrhoea (loose stools), visual disturbances, fluttering or pounding heartbeat (palpitations).

If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor or pharmacist.


Mogelijke bijwerkingen?

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them. The side effects usually disappear after a few weeks of treatment. Please be aware that many of the effects may also be symptoms of your illness and therefore will improve when you start to get better.

See your doctor if you get any of the following side effects during treatment

Uncommon (affects 1 to 10 users in 1,000):

  • Unusual bleeds, including gastrointestinal bleeds

Rare (affects 1 to 10 users in 10,000):

  • If you experience swelling of skin, tongue, lips, or face, or have difficulties breathing or swallowing (allergic reaction), contact your doctor or go to a hospital straight away.
  • If you have a high fever, agitation, confusion, trembling and abrupt contractions of

muscles these may be signs of a rare condition called serotonin syndrome. If you feel like this contact your doctor.

If you experience the following adverse events you should contact your doctor or go to the hospital straight away:

  • Difficulties urinating
  • Seizures (fits), see also section “Warnings and precautions”
  • Yellowing of the skin and the white in the eyes are signs of liver function impairment/hepatitis
  • Fast, irregular heart beat, fainting which could be symptoms of a life-threatening condition known as Torsade de Pointes

In addition to above the following side effects have been reported

Very common (affects more than 1 user in 10):

  • Headache
  • Feeling sick (nausea)

Common (affects 1 to 10 users in 100):

  • Blocked or runny nose (sinusitis)
  • Decreased or increased appetite
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  • Anxiety, restlessness, abnormal dreams, difficulties falling asleep, feeling sleepy, dizziness, yawning, tremors, prickling of the skin
  • Diarrhoea, constipation, vomiting, dry mouth
  • Increased sweating
  • Pain in muscle and joints (arthralgia and myalgia)
  • Sexual disturbances (delayed ejaculation, problems with erection, decreased sexual drive and women may experience difficulties achieving orgasm)
  • Fatigue, fever
  • Increased weight

Uncommon (affects 1 to 10 users in 1,000):

  • Nettle rash (urticaria), rash, itching (pruritus)
  • Grinding one’s teeth, agitation, nervousness, panic attack, confusion state
  • Disturbed sleep, taste disturbance, fainting (syncope)
  • Enlarged pupils (mydriasis), visual disturbance, ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
  • Loss of hair
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Decreased weight
  • Fast heart beat
  • Swelling of the arms or legs
  • Nosebleeds

Rare (affects 1 to 10 users in 10,000):

  • Aggression, depersonalisation, hallucination
  • Slow heart beat

Some patients have reported (frequency not known):

  • Thoughts of harming yourself or thoughts of killing yourself, see also section "Warnings and precautions "
  • Decreased levels of sodium in the blood (the symptoms are feeling sick and unwell with weak muscles or confused)
  • Dizziness when you stand up due to low blood pressure (orthostatic hypotension)
  • Abnormal liver function test (increased amounts of liver enzymes in the blood)
  • Movement disorders (involuntary movements of the muscles)·
  • Painful erections (priapism)
  • Bleeding disorders including skin and mucous bleeding (ecchymosis) and low level of blood platelets (thrombycytopenia)
  • Sudden swelling of skin or mucosa (angioedemas)
  • Increase in the amount of urine excreted (inappropriate ADH secretion)
  • Flow of milk in women that are not nursing
  • Mania
  • An increased risk of bone fractures has been observed in patients taking this type of medicines
  • Alteration of the heart rhythm (called “prolongation of QT interval”, seen on ECG, electrical activity of the heart)

In addition, a number of side effects are known to occur with drugs that work in a similar way to escitalopram. These are:

  • Motor restlessness (akathisia)
  • Anorexia

If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.


Hoe bewaart u dit middel?

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  • Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
  • Do not use < Invented Name > after the expiry date, which is stated on the label or carton after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of the month.
  • After opening, the drops should be used within 8 weeks and stored below 25°C.
  • Keep bottle tightly closed and upright.
  • Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.


Anvullende Informatie

What < Invented Name > contains

The active substance is escitalopram. Each ml < Invented Name > oral drops contains 20 mg escitalopram (as escitalopram oxalate). 1 drop contains 1 mg escitalopram.

The other ingredients are propyl gallate; citric acid anhydrous; ethanol 96%; sodium hydroxide and purified water.

What < Invented Name > looks like and contents of the pack

< Invented Name > oral drops solution is presented as 15 ml or 15 ml x 5 in an amber glass bottle with dropper applicator.. It is a clear solution. Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

In het register ingegeschreven onder nummer:

RVG 111202

Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer


Teva Nederland B.V.

Swensweg 5

2031 GA Haarlem



Chanelle Medical

Loughrea, Co. Galway


Teva Nederland B.V.

Swensweg 5

2031 GA Haarlem


Pharmachemie B.V.

Swensweg 5

2031 GA Haarlem


Merckle GmbH

Ludwig-Merckle-Straβe 3

89143 Blaubeuren


Akciju sabiedriba “GRINDEKS”

Krustpils iela 53

Riga, LV-1057


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This medicinal product is authorised in the Member States of the EEA under the following names:

< See Module 1.2 – Annex 5.19 for proposed invented names >

This leaflet was last approved in juli 2013

Approved by:


Stof(fen) Escitalopram
Toelating Nederland
Producent Teva
Verdovend Nee
ATC-Code N06AB10
Farmacologische groep Antidepressiva



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