Auteur: Generics


Lange informatie

Waarvoor wordt dit middel gebruikt?

Esomeprazol contains a medicine called esomeprazole. This belongs to a group of medicines called ‘proton pump inhibitors’. They work by reducing the amount of acid that your stomach produces.

Esomeprazol is used to treat the following conditions:

Adults and young people aged 12 years and above

  • ‘Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease’ (GORD). This is where acid from the stomach escapes into the gullet (the tube which connects your throat to your stomach) causing pain, inflammation and heartburn.
  • Ulcers in the stomach or upper part of the gut (intestine) that are infected with bacteria called Helicobacter pylori’. If you have this condition, your doctor may also prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection and allow the ulcer to heal.

Adults

  • Stomach ulcers caused by medicines called NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs). Esomeprazol can also be used to stop stomach ulcers from forming if you are taking NSAIDs.
  • Too much acid in the stomach caused by a growth in the pancreas (Zollinger-Ellison syndrome).
  • Prolonged treatment after prevention of rebleeding of ulcers with intravenous Esomeprazol.
Inhoudsopgave
Wanneer mag u dit middel niet gebruiken of moet u er extra voorzichtig mee zijn?
Hoe gebruikt u dit middel?
Mogelijke bijwerkingen?
Hoe bewaart u dit middel?
Anvullende Informatie

Wanneer mag u dit middel niet gebruiken of moet u er extra voorzichtig mee zijn?

Do not take Esomeprazol:

  • if you are allergic to esomeprazole or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in Section 6).
  • if you are allergic to other proton pump inhibitor medicines (e.g. pantoprazole, lanzoprazole, rabeprazole, omeprazole).
  • if you are taking a medicine containing nelfinavir (used to treat HIV).

Do not take Esomeprazol if any of the above apply to you. If you are not sure, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Esomeprazol.

Warnings and precautions

Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Esomeprazol:

  • if you have severe liver problems.
  • if you have severe kidney problems.
Page 20 of 25
  • If you have reduced body stores or risk factors for reduced vitamin B12 absorption and receive Esomeprazol long-term treatment. As with all acid reducing agents, Esomeprazol may lead to a reduced absorption of vitamin B12

Esomeprazol may hide the symptoms of other diseases. Therefore, if any of the following happen to you before you start taking Esomeprazol or while you are taking them, talk to your doctor straight away:

  • You lose a lot of weight for no reason and have problems swallowing.
  • You get stomach pain or indigestion.
  • You begin to vomit food or blood.
  • You pass black stools (blood-stained faeces).

If you have been prescribed Esomeprazol “on demand” you should contact your doctor if your symptoms continue or change in character.

Other medicines and Esomeprazol

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines. This includes medicines that you buy without a prescription. This is because Esomeprazol can affect the way some medicines work and some medicines can have an effect on Esomeprazol.

Do not take Esomeprazol if you are taking a medicine containing nelfinavir (used to treat HIV). Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any of the following medicines:

  • Atazanavir (used to treat HIV).
  • Ketoconazole, itraconazole or voriconazole (used to treat infections caused by a fungus).
  • Citalopram, imipramine or clomipramine (used to treat depression).
  • Diazepam (used to treat anxiety, relax muscles or in epilepsy).
  • Phenytoin (used in epilepsy). If you are taking phenytoin, your doctor will need to monitor you when you start or stop taking Esomeprazol.
  • Medicines that are used to thin your blood, such as warfarin. Your doctor may need to monitor you when you start or stop taking Esomeprazol.
  • Cisapride (used for indigestion and heartburn).
  • Digoxin (used for heart problems).
  • Rifampicin (used for treatment of tuberculosis).
  • St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum) (used to treat depression).

If your doctor has prescribed the antibiotics amoxicillin and clarithromycin as well as Esomeprazol to treat ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori infection, it is very important that you tell your doctor about any other medicines you are taking.

Esomeprazol with food and drink

You can take your tablets with food or on an empty stomach.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding

If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine. Your doctor will decide whether you can take Esomeprazol during this time.

It is not known if Esomeprazol passes into breast milk. Therefore, you should not take Esomeprazol if you are breastfeeding.

Driving and using machines

Esomeprazol is not likely to affect you being able to drive or use any tools or machines.

Esomeprazol contains Sucrose

If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, talk to your doctor before taking this medicine.

Hoe gebruikt u dit middel?

Page 21 of 25

Always take Esomeprazol exactly as your doctor has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.

  • Esomeprazol gastro-resistant tablets are not recommended for children less than 12 years old.
  • If you are taking this medicine for a long time, your doctor will want to monitor you (particularly if you are taking it for more than a year).
  • If your doctor has told you to take this medicine as and when you need it, tell your doctor if your symptoms change.

Taking this medicine

  • You can take your tablets at any time of the day.
  • You can take your tablets with food or on an empty stomach.
  • Swallow your tablets whole with a drink of water. Do not chew or crush the tablets. This is because the tablets contain coated pellets which stop the medicine from being broken down by the acid in your stomach. It is important not to damage the pellets.

What to do if you have trouble swallowing the tablets

  • If you have trouble swallowing the tablets:
    • Put them into a glass of still (non-fizzy) water. Do not use any other liquid.
    • Stir until the tablets break up (the mixture will not be clear). Then drink the mixture straight away or within 30 minutes. Always stir the mixture just before drinking it.
    • To make sure that you have drunk all of the medicine, rinse the glass very well with half a glass of water and drink it. The solid pieces contain the medicine – do not chew or crush them.
  • If you cannot swallow at all, the tablet can be mixed with some water and put into a syringe. It can then be given to you through a tube directly into your stomach (‘gastric tube’).

How much to take

  • Your doctor will tell you how many tablets to take and how long to take them for. This will depend on your condition, how old you are and how well your liver works.
  • The recommended doses are given below.

To treat heartburn caused by gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD):

Adults and children aged 12 or above:

  • If your doctor has found that your food pipe (gullet) has been slightly damaged, the recommended dose is one Esomeprazol 40mg Generics gastro-resistant tablet once a day for 4 weeks. Your doctor may tell you to take the same dose for a further 4 weeks if your gullet has not yet healed.
  • The recommended dose once the gullet has healed is one Esomeprazol 20mg Generics gastro-resistant tablet once a day.
  • If your gullet has not been damaged, the recommended dose is one Esomeprazol 20mg Generics gastro- resistant tablet each day. Once the condition has been controlled, your doctor may tell you to take your medicine as and when you need it, up to a maximum of one Esomeprazol 20mg Generics gastro- resistant tablet each day.
  • If you have severe liver problems, your doctor may give you a lower dose.

To treat ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori infection and to stop them coming back:

  • Adults and young people aged 12 or above: the recommended dose is one Esomeprazol 20mg Generics gastro-resistant tablet twice a day for one week.
  • Your doctor will also tell you to take antibiotics called amoxicillin and clarithromycin.

To treat stomach ulcers caused by NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs):

  • Adults aged 18 and above: the recommended dose is one Esomeprazol 20mg Generics gastro-resistant tablet once a day for 4 to 8 weeks.

To prevent stomach ulcers if you are taking NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs):

  • Adults aged 18 and above: the recommended dose is one Esomeprazol 20mg Generics gastro-resistant tablet once a day.
Page 22 of 25

To treat too much acid in the stomach caused by a growth in the pancreas (Zollinger-Ellison syndrome):

  • Adults aged 18 and above: the recommended dose is one Esomeprazol 40mg Generics gastro-resistant tablet twice a day.
  • Your doctor will adjust the dose depending on your needs and will also decide how long you need to take the medicine for. The maximum dose is 80mg twice a day.

To be used as prolonged treatment after prevention of rebleeding of ulcers with intravenous Esomeprazol

  • Adults aged 18 and above: the recommended dose is one Esomeprazol 40mg Generics gastro-resistant tablet once daily for 4 weeks.

If you take more Esomeprazol than you should

If you take more Esomeprazol than prescribed by your doctor, talk to your doctor or pharmacist straight away.

If you forget to take Esomeprazol

  • If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose.
  • Do not take a double dose (two doses at the same time) to make up for a forgotten dose.

If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist or nurse.

Mogelijke bijwerkingen?

Like all medicines, Esomeprazol can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

If you notice any of the following serious side effects, stop taking Esomeprazol and contact a doctor immediately:

  • Sudden wheezing, swelling of your lips, tongue and throat or body, rash, fainting or difficulties to swallow (severe allergic reaction).
  • Reddening of the skin with blisters or peeling. There may also be severe blisters and bleeding in the lips, eyes, mouth, nose and genitals. This could be ‘Stevens-Johnson syndrome’ or ‘toxic epidermal necrolysis’.
  • Yellow skin, dark urine and tiredness which can be symptoms of liver problems.

These effects are rare, affecting less than 1 in 1,000 people.

Taking a proton pump inhibitor like Esomeprazol, especially over a period of more than one year, may slightly increase your risk of fracture in the hip, wrist or spine. Tell your doctor if you have osteoporosis or if you are taking corticosteroids (which can increase the risk of osteoporosis).

Other side effects include:

Common (affects less than 1 in 10 people):

  • Headache.
  • Effects on your stomach or gut: diarrhoea, stomach pain, constipation, wind (flatulence).
  • Feeling sick (nausea) or being sick (vomiting).

Uncommon (affects less than 1 in 100 people)

  • Swelling of the feet and ankles.
  • Disturbed sleep (insomnia).
  • Dizziness, tingling feelings such as “pins and needles”, feeling sleepy.
  • Spinning feeling (vertigo).
  • Dry mouth.
  • Changes in blood tests that check how the liver is working.
  • Skin rash, lumpy rash (hives) and itchy skin.

Rare (affects less than 1 in 1,000 people)

  • Blood problems such as a reduced number of white cells or platelets. This can cause weakness, bruising or make infections more likely.
  • Low levels of sodium in the blood. This may cause weakness, being sick (vomiting) and cramps.
Page 23 of 25
  • Feeling agitated, confused or depressed.
  • Taste changes.
  • Eyesight problems such as blurred vision.
  • Suddenly feeling wheezy or short of breath (bronchospasm).
  • An inflammation of the inside of the mouth.
  • An infection called “thrush” which can affect the gut and is caused by a fungus.
  • Liver problems, including jaundice which can cause yellow skin, dark urine, and tiredness.
  • Hair loss (alopecia).
  • Skin rash on exposure to sunslight.
  • Joint pains (arthralgia) or muscle pains (myalgia).
  • Generally feeling unwell and lacking energy.
  • Increased sweating.

Very rare (affects less than 1 in 10,000 people):

  • Changes in blood count including agranulocytosis (lack of white blood cells)
  • Aggression.
  • Seeing, feeling or hearing things that are not there (hallucinations).
  • Severe liver problems leading to liver failure and inflammation of the brain.
  • Sudden onset of a severe rash or blistering or peeling skin. This may be associated with a high fever and joint pains (Erythema multiforme, Stevens- Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis).
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Severe kidney problems.
  • Enlarged breasts in men.

Not known (frequency cannot be estimated from available data)

  • Inflammation in the gut (leading to diarrhoea)
  • If you are on Esomeprazol for more than three months it is possible that the levels of magnesium in your blood may fall. Low levels of magnesium can be seen as fatigue, involuntary muscle contractions, disorientation, convulsions, dizziness, increased heart rate. If you get any of these symptoms, please tell your doctor promptly. Low levels of magnesium can also lead to a reduction in potassium or calcium levels in the blood. Your doctor may decide to perform regular blood tests to monitor your levels of magnesium.

Esomeprazol may in very rare cases affect the white blood cells leading to immune deficiency. If you have an infection with symptoms such as fever with a severely reduced general condition or fever with symptoms of a local infection such as pain in the neck, throat or mouth or difficulties in urinating, you must consult your doctor as soon as possible so that a lack of white blood cells (agranulocytosis) can be ruled out by a blood test. It is important for you to give information about your medication at this time.

Do not be concerned by this list of possible side effects. You may not get any of them. If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.

Hoe bewaart u dit middel?

Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.

Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the bottle label, carton or blister foil after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.

This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.

Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help to protect the environment.

Anvullende Informatie

Page 24 of 25

What Esomeprazol contains

The active substance is esomeprazole. Each gastro-resistant tablet contains either 20mg or 40mg of esomeprazole (as esomeprazole magnesium).

The other ingredients are:

  • Core: Sugar spheres (sucrose and maize starch), Crospovidone (Type B) (E1202), Hydroxypropylcellulose (E463), Sodium lauryl sulphate
  • Sub Coating 1: Mannitol (E421)
  • Sub Coating 2: Povidone (E1201), Talc (E553b), Macrogol 6000
  • Enteric Coating: Methacrylic acid-ethyl acrylate co polymer (1:1) Dispersion 30%, Triethyl citrate (E1505), Glycerol monostearate (E471), Polysorbate 80 (E433), Talc (E553b), Titanium dioxide (E171)
  • Lubrication: Talc (E553b)
  • Blending and Compression: Cellulose microcrystalline (E460), Mannitol (E421), Crospovidone (Type A) (E1202), Macrogol 6000, Sodium stearyl fumarate.
  • Opadry Clear Coating consisting of Hypromellose (E464), Macrogol 400, Macrogol 8000.
  • For 20mg only: Opadry Pink Coating consisting of: Hypromellose (E464), Titanium dioxide (E171), Macrogol 400, Sodium lauryl sulphate, Iron oxide red (E172) , Iron oxide yellow (E172), Iron oxide black (E172).
  • For 40mg only: Opadry Brown Coating consisting of: Hypromellose (E464), Titanium dioxide (E171), Macrogol 400, Sodium lauryl sulphate, Iron oxide red (E172) , Iron oxide yellow (E172).

What Esomeprazol looks like and contents of the pack

Esomeprazol 20mg Generics gastro-resistant tablets are light pink, film-coated, oblong, biconvex tablets debossed with “M” on one side of the tablet and “EM3” on the other side.

Esomeprazol 40mg Generics gastro-resistant tablets are pink, film-coated, oblong, biconvex tablets debossed with “M” on one side of the tablet and “EM4” on the other side.

Esomeprazol is available in blisters of 14 or 28 gastro-resistant tablets.

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer

Marketing Authorisation Holder:

[To be completed nationally]

Manufacturers:

McDermott Laboratories Ltd. T/A Gerard Laboratories

35/36 Baldoyle Industrial Estate, Grange Road, Dublin 13, Ireland.

Generics [UK] Ltd.

Station Close, Potters Bar, Hertfordshire EN6 1TL, United Kingdom.

Mylan Hungary Kft.

H-2900 Komarom, Mylan utca 1,Hungary

This medicinal product is authorised in the Member States of the EEA under the following names:

Italy Esomeprazolo Mylan Italia
The Netherlands Esomeprazol 20 mg & 40 mg Generics maagsapresistente tablet

This leaflet was last revised in {MM/YYYY}.

[To be completed nationally]

Page 25 of 25

Cookies help us deliver our services. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. OK