Auteur: Teva


Lange informatie

Waarvoor wordt dit middel gebruikt?

[product name] contains a medicine called esomeprazole. This belongs to a group of medicines called ‘proton pump inhibitors’. They work by reducing the amount of acid that your stomach produces.

[product name] is used to treat the following conditions:

Adults and young people aged 12 years and above

  • ‘Gastroesophageal reflux disease’ (GERD). This is where acid from the stomach escapes into the gullet (the tube which connects your throat to your stomach) causing pain, inflammation and heartburn.
  • Ulcers in the stomach or upper part of the gut (intestine) that are infected with bacteria called ’Helicobacter pylori’. If you have this condition, your doctor may also prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection and allow the ulcer to heal.

Adults

  • Stomach ulcers caused by medicines called NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs). [product name] can also be used to stop stomach ulcers from forming if you are taking NSAIDs.
  • Too much acid in the stomach caused by a growth in the pancreas (Zollinger-Ellison syndrome).
  • Prolonged treatment after prevention of rebleeding of ulcers with intravenous esomeprazole.
Inhoudsopgave
Wanneer mag u dit middel niet gebruiken of moet u er extra voorzichtig mee zijn?
Hoe gebruikt u dit middel?
Mogelijke bijwerkingen?
Hoe bewaart u dit middel?
Anvullende Informatie

Wanneer mag u dit middel niet gebruiken of moet u er extra voorzichtig mee zijn?

Do not take [product name] if

  • you are allergic (hypersensitive) to esomeprazole or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in Section 6: Further information).
  • you are allergic to other proton pump inhibitor medicines.
  • you are taking a medicine containing nelfinavir (used to treat HIV).

Do not take [product name] if any of the above apply to you. If you are not sure, talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking [product name].

Take special care with [product name]

Check with your doctor or pharmacist before taking [product name] if:

  • you have severe liver problems.
  • you have severe kidney problems.

Taking a proton pump inhibitor like [product name], especially over a period of more than one year, may slightly increase your risk of fracture in the hip, wrist or spine. Tell your doctor if you have osteoporosis or if you are taking corticosteroids (which can increase the risk of osteoporosis).

[product name] may hide the symptoms of other diseases. Therefore, if any of the following happen to you before you start taking [product name] or while you are taking it, talk to your doctor straight away, if:

  • you lose a lot of weight for no reason and have problems swallowing.
  • you get stomach pain or indigestion.
  • you begin to vomit food or blood.
  • you pass black stools (blood-stained faeces).

If you have been prescribed [product name] “on demand” you should contact your doctor if your symptoms continue or change in character.

Taking other medicines

Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription. This is because [product name] can affect the way some medicines work and some medicines can have an effect on [product name].

Do not take [product name] if you are taking a medicine containing nelfinavir (used to treat HIV).

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any of the following medicines:

  • Atazanavir (used to treat HIV).
  • Ketoconazole, itraconazole or voriconazole (used to treat infections caused by a fungus).
  • Citalopram, imipramine or clomipramine (used to treat depression).
  • Diazepam (used to treat anxiety, relax muscles or in epilepsy).
  • Phenytoin (used in epilepsy). If you are taking phenytoin, your doctor will need to monitor you when you start or stop taking [product name].
  • Medicines that are used to thin your blood, such as warfarin. Your doctor may need to monitor you when you start or stop taking [product name].
  • Cisapride (used for indigestion and heartburn).
  • Clopidogrel (used to prevent blood clots (thrombi)).

If your doctor has prescribed you the antibiotics amoxicillin and clarithromycin as well as [product name] to treat ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori infection, it is very important that you tell your doctor about any other medicines you are taking.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding

Before taking [product name] tell your doctor if you are pregnant or trying to get pregnant. Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine. Your doctor will decide whether you can take [product name] during this time.

It is not known if esomeprazole passes into breast milk. Therefore, you should not take [product name] if you are breast-feeding.

Taking [product name] with food and drink

You can take your tablets with food or on an empty stomach.

Driving and using machines

[product name] is not likely to affect you being able to drive or use any tools or machines.

Important information about some of the ingredients of [product name]

[product name] gastro-resistant tablets contain sucrose and lactose, which are types of sugar. If you have been told by your doctor that you have an intolerance to some sugars, talk to your doctor before taking this medicine.

Hoe gebruikt u dit middel?

Always take [product name] exactly as your doctor has told you. You should check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.

  • [product name] gastro-resistant tablets are not recommended for children less than 12 years old.
  • If you are taking this medicine for a long time, your doctor will want to monitor you (particularly if you are taking it for more than a year).
  • If your doctor has told you to take this medicine as and when you need it, tell your doctor if your symptoms change.

Taking this medicine

  • You can take your tablets at any time of the day.
  • You can take your tablets with food or on an empty stomach.
  • Swallow your tablets whole with a drink of water. Do not chew or crush the tablets. This is because the tablets contain coated pellets which stop the medicine from being broken down by the acid in your stomach. It is important not to damage the pellets.

What to do if you have trouble swallowing the tablets

  • If you have trouble swallowing the tablets:
    • Put them into a glass of still (non-fizzy) water. Do not use any other liquids.
    • Stir until the tablets break up (the mixture will not be clear). Then drink the mixture straight away or within 30 minutes. Always stir the mixture just before drinking it.
    • To make sure that you have drunk all of the medicine, rinse the glass very well with half a glass of water and drink it. The solid pieces contain the medicine - do not chew or crush them.
  • If you cannot swallow at all, the tablet can be mixed with some water and put into a syringe. It can then be given to you through a tube directly into your stomach (‘gastric tube’).

How much to take

  • Your doctor will tell you how many tablets to take and how long to take them for. This will depend on your condition, how old you are and how well your liver works.
  • The usual doses are given below.

To treat heartburn caused by gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD):

Adults and children aged 12 or above:

  • If your doctor has found that your food pipe (gullet) has been slightly damaged, the usual dose is one [product name] 40 mg gastro-resistant tablet once a day for 4 weeks. Your doctor may tell you to take the same dose for a further 4 weeks if your gullet has not yet healed.
  • The usual dose once the gullet has healed is one [product name] 20 mg gastro-resistant tablet once a day.
  • If your gullet has not been damaged, the usual dose is one [product name] 20 mg gastro-resistant tablet each day. Once the condition has been controlled, your doctor may tell you to take your medicine as and when you need it, up to a maximum of one [product name] 20 mg gastro-resistant tablet each day.
  • If you have severe liver problems, your doctor may give you a lower dose.

To treat ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori infection and to stop them coming back:

  • Adults and young people aged 12 or above: the usual dose is one [product name] 20 mg gastro- resistant tablet twice a day for one week.
  • Your doctor will also tell you to take antibiotics for example amoxicillin and clarithromycin.

To treat stomach ulcers caused by NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs):

  • Adults aged 18 and above: the usual dose is one [product name] 20 mg gastro-resistant tablet once a day for 4 to 8 weeks.

To prevent stomach ulcers if you are taking NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs):

  • Adults aged 18 and above: the usual dose is one [product name] 20 mg gastro-resistant tablet once a day.

To treat too much acid in the stomach caused by a growth in the pancreas (Zollinger-Ellison syndrome):

  • Adults aged 18 and above: the usual dose is one [product name] 40 mg gastro-resistant tablet twice a day.
  • Your doctor will adjust the dose depending on your needs and will also decide how long you need to take the medicine for. The maximum dose is 80 mg twice a day.

Prolonged treatment after prevention of rebleeding of ulcers with intravenous esomeprazole:

The usual dose is one [product name] 40 mg tablet once a day for 4 weeks.

If you take more [product name] than you should

If you take more [product name] than prescribed by your doctor, talk to your doctor or pharmacist straight away.

If you forget to take [product name]

If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose.

Do not take a double dose (two doses at the same time) to make up for a forgotten dose.

Mogelijke bijwerkingen?

Like all medicines, [product name] can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

If you notice any of the following serious side effects, stop taking [product name] and contact a doctor immediately:

  • Sudden wheezing, swelling of your lips, tongue and throat or body, rash, fainting or difficulties in swallowing (severe allergic reaction).
  • Reddening of the skin with blisters or peeling. There may also be severe blisters and bleeding in the lips, eyes, mouth, nose and genitals. This could be ‘Stevens-Johnson syndrome’ or ‘toxic epidermal necrolysis’.
  • Yellow skin, dark urine and tiredness which can be symptoms of liver problems.

These effects are rare, affecting less than 1 in 1,000 people.

Other side effects include:

Common (affects 1 to 10 users in 100)

  • Headache.
  • Effects on your stomach or gut: diarrhoea, stomach pain, constipation, wind (flatulence).
  • Feeling sick (nausea) or being sick (vomiting).

Uncommon (affects 1 to 10 users in 1,000)

  • Swelling of the feet and ankles.
  • Disturbed sleep (insomnia).
  • Dizziness, tingling feelings such as “pins and needles”, feeling sleepy.
  • Spinning feeling (vertigo).
  • Dry mouth.
  • Changes in blood tests that check how the liver is working.
  • Skin rash, lumpy rash (hives) and itchy skin.
  • Fracture of the hip, wrist or spine (see section 2)

Rare (affects 1 to 10 users in 10,000)

  • Blood problems such as a reduced number of white cells or platelets. This can cause weakness, bruising or make infections more likely.
  • Low levels of sodium in the blood. This may cause weakness, being sick (vomiting) and cramps.
  • Feeling agitated, confused or depressed.
  • Taste changes.
  • Eyesight problems such as blurred vision.
  • Suddenly feeling wheezy or short of breath (bronchospasm).
  • An inflammation of the inside of the mouth.
  • An infection called “thrush” which can affect the gut and is caused by a fungus.
  • Liver problems, including jaundice which can cause yellow skin, dark urine, and tiredness.
  • Hair loss (alopecia).
  • Skin rash on exposure to sunshine.
  • Joint pains (arthralgia) or muscle pains (myalgia).
  • Generally feeling unwell and lacking energy.
  • Increased sweating.

Very rare (affects less than 1 user in 10,000)

  • Changes in blood count including agranulocytosis (lack of white blood cells)
  • Aggression.
  • Seeing, feeling or hearing things that are not there (hallucinations).
  • Severe liver problems leading to liver failure and inflammation of the brain.
  • Sudden onset of a severe rash or blistering or peeling skin. This may be associated with a high fever and joint pains (Erythema multiforme, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis).
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Severe kidney problems.
  • Enlarged breasts in men.

[product name] may in very rare cases affect the white blood cells leading to immune deficiency.

If you have an infection with symptoms such as fever with a severely reduced general condition or fever with symptoms of a local infection such as pain in the neck, throat or mouth or difficulties in urinating, you must consult your doctor as soon as possible so that a lack of white blood cells (agranulocytosis) can be ruled out by a blood test. It is important for you to give information about your medication at this time.

Frequency not known

If you are on [product name] for more than three months it is possible that the levels of magnesium in your blood may fall. Low levels of magnesium can be seen as fatigue, involuntary muscle contractions, disorientation, convulsions, dizziness, increased heart rate. If you get any of these symptoms, please tell your doctor promptly. Low levels of magnesium can also lead to a reduction in potassium or calcium levels in the blood. Your doctor may decide to perform regular blood tests to monitor your levels of magnesium.

Do not be concerned by this list of possible side effects. You may not get any of them.

If any of the side effects get serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.

Hoe bewaart u dit middel?

Keep out of the reach and sight of children.

Do not use [product name] after the expiry date which is stated on the carton and blister after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.

Store in the original package in order to protect from light and moisture.

[product name] should be used no longer than 100 days after first opening of the bottle.

Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.

Anvullende Informatie

What [product name] contains

  • The active substance is esomeprazole. [product name] gastro-resistant tablets come in two strengths containing 20 mg or 40 mg of esomeprazole (as esomeprazole magnesium).
  • The other ingredients are: Seal coated sugar spheres: Sugar spheres (sucrose and maize starch), ethylcellulose, magnesium stearate Drug coat: Povidone K 90, magnesium oxide, light (E 530) Barrier coat: Povidone, magnesium oxide, light (E 530), magnesium stearate Enteric coat: Methacrylic acid - ethyl acrylate copolymer (1:1) dispersion 30 per cent (contains sodium laurilsulfate and polysorbate 80), diethyl phthalate, talc (E 553b) Tablet core: Silicified microcrystalline cellulose (microcrystalline cellulose and colloidal anhydrous silica), starlac (lactose monohydrate and maize starch), copovidone K 28, macrogol 8000, crospovidone, silica colloidal, anhydrous, magnesium stearate Film coat: Hypromellose (E 464), macrogol 8000, talc (E 553b), titanium dioxide (E 171), silica colloidal, anhydrous, iron oxide red (E172) Imprint: Opacode S-1-17823 black ink (contains propylene glycol, iron oxide black (E172), shellac glaze)

What [Product name] looks like and contents of the pack [product name] 20 mg gastro-resistant tablets

Brick-red coloured, round shape, biconvex, film-coated tablet, imprinted with “20” on one side and plain on the other side.

[product name] 40 mg gastro-resistant tablets

Brick-red coloured, round shape, bevelled edge, biconvex, film-coated tablet, imprinted with “40” on one side and plain on the other side.

Blister (Aluminium/Aluminium) or HDPE container (HDPE container of neck finish and PP closure with induction sealing wad and a silica gel canister as desiccant).

Pack sizes:

14, 28, 56, 98, 100 gastro-resistant tablets

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer

<[To be completed nationally]>

{Name and address} <{tel}>

<{fax}> <{e-mail}>

This medicinal product is authorised in the Member States of the EEA under the following names:

<[To be completed nationally]>

This leaflet was last approved in {MM/YYYY}.

<[To be completed nationally]>

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