Auteur: Fresenius


Lange informatie

Waarvoor wordt dit middel gebruikt?

[National approved name] belongs to a group of medicines called “cytotoxics”. These medicines kill dividing cells, including cancer cells.

This medicine may be given alone or in combination with other anti-cancer medicines, depending on the type of cancer.

This medicine is used in the treatment of the following types of cancer:

  • non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), alone or together with cisplatin
  • pancreatic cancer
  • breast cancer, together with paclitaxel
  • ovarian cancer, together with carboplatin
  • bladder cancer, together with cisplatin.
Inhoudsopgave
Wanneer mag u dit middel niet gebruiken of moet u er extra voorzichtig mee zijn?
Hoe gebruikt u dit middel?
Mogelijke bijwerkingen?
Hoe bewaart u dit middel?
Anvullende Informatie

Wanneer mag u dit middel niet gebruiken of moet u er extra voorzichtig mee zijn?

Do not use Gemcitabine:

  • if you are allergic to gemcitabine or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).
  • if you are breast-feeding.

Warnings and precautions:

Before the first infusion you will have samples of your blood taken to evaluate if you have sufficient kidney and liver function. Before each infusion you will have samples of your blood taken to evaluate if you have enough blood cells to receive Gemcitabine. Your doctor may decide to change the dose or delay treating you depending on your general condition and if your blood cell counts are too low. Periodically you will have samples of your blood taken to evaluate your kidney and liver function.

Please tell your doctor if:

  • you have, or have previously had liver disease, heart disease or vascular disease.
  • you have recently had, or are going to have radiotherapy,
  • you have been vaccinated recently
  • you develop breathing difficulties or feel very weak and are very pale (may be a sign of kidney failure).
  • you are suffering from alcoholism, as this medicinal product contains ethanol (alcohol)
  • you are suffering from epilepsy, as this medicinal product contains ethanol (alcohol)

Men are advised not to father a child during and up to 6 months following treatment with Gemciatbine. If you would like to father a child during the treatment or in the 6 months following treatment, seek advice from your doctor or pharmacist. You may want to seek counselling on sperm storage before starting your therapy.

Other medicines and Gemcitabine: Tell your doctor or hospital pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including vaccinations and medicines obtained without a prescription.

The amount of alcohol in this medicinal product may alter the effects of other medicines.

Pregnancy, breast-feeding and fertility:

If you are pregnant, or thinking about becoming pregnant, tell your doctor. The use of gemcitabine should be avoided during pregnancy. Your doctor will discuss with you the potential risk of taking gemcitabine during pregnancy.

If you are breast-feeding, tell your doctor.

You must discontinue breast-feeding during gemcitabine treatment.

Driving and using machines

[National approved name] may make you feel sleepy, particularly if you have consumed any alcohol. Do not drive a car or use machinery until you are sure that gemcitabine treatment has not made you feel sleepy.

The amount of alcohol in this medicinal product may impair your ability to drive or use machines.

[National approved name] contains ethanol and sodium:

This medicinal product contains 42.1% ethanol (alcohol) which corresponds to 421 mg ethanol per ml of concentrate, i.e. up to 2.1 g of ethanol per 5 ml vial, equivalent to 42 ml of beer, 18 ml of wine.

up to 10.5 g of ethanol per 25 ml vial, equivalent to 210 ml of beer, 88 ml of wine.

up to 21.1 g of ethanol per 50 ml vial, equivalent to 421 ml of beer, 175 ml of wine.

Harmful for those suffering from alcoholism.

To be taken into account in pregnant or breast-feeding women, children an high-risk groups such as patients with liver disease or epilepsy.

The amounts of alcohol in this medicinal product may alter the effects of other medicines.

The amount of alcohol on this medicinal product may impair your ability to drive or use machines.

This medicine contains3.40 mg/ml to 3.70 mg/ ml (0.15 mmol/ml to 0.16 mmol/ml) sodium. This should be taken into consideration by patients on a controlled sodium diet.

Hoe gebruikt u dit middel?

The usual dose of Gemcitabine is 1000-1250 mg for every square metre of your body’s surface area.

Your height and weight are measured to work out the surface area of your body. Your doctor will use this body surface area to work out the right dose for you. This dosage may be adjusted, or treatment may be delayed depending on your blood cell counts and on your general condition.

How frequently you receive your Gemcitabine infusion depends on the type of cancer that you are being treated for.

A hospital pharmacist or doctor will have diluted the Gemcitabine concentrate before it is given to you.

You will always receive this medicine only after dilution by infusion into one of your veins. The infusion will last approximately 30 minutes.

If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor, pharmacist or nurse.

Mogelijke bijwerkingen?

Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.

Frequencies of the observed side effects are defined as:

  • Very common: may affect more than 1 in 10 people
  • Common: may affect up to 1 in 10 people
  • Uncommon: may affect 1 in 100 people
  • Rare: may affect 1 in 1,000 people
  • Very rare: may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people

You must contact your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following:

  • Fever or infection (common): if you have a temperature of 38°C or greater, sweating or other signs of infection (since you might have less white blood cells than normal which is very common).
  • Irregular heart rate (arrhythmia) (uncommon).
  • Pain, redness, swelling or sores in your mouth (common).
  • Allergic reactions: if you develop skin rash (very common) / itching (common), or fever (very common).
  • Tiredness, feeling faint, becoming easily breathless or if you look pale (since you might have less haemoglobin than normal which is very common).
  • Bleeding from the gums, nose or mouth or any bleeding that would not stop, reddish or pinkish urine, unexpected bruising (since you might have less platelets than normal which is very common).
  • Difficulty breathing (it is very common to have mild breathing difficulty soon after the [National approved name] infusion which soon passes, however uncommonly or rarely there can be more severe lung problems).

Side effects with [National approved name] may include:

Very common: may affect more than 1 in 10 people

  • Low haemoglobin level (anaemia)
  • Low white blood cells
  • Low platelet count
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Skin rash- allergic skin rash, frequently itchy
  • Hair loss
  • Liver problems: found through abnormal blood test results
  • Kidney problems: found through abnormal blood test results
  • Blood in urine
  • Abnormal urine tests: protein in urine
  • Flu like symptoms including fever,
  • Oedema (swelling of ankles, fingers, feet, face)

Common: may affect up to 1 in 10 people

  • Fever accompanied by low white blood cell count (febrile neutropaenia)
  • Anorexia (poor appetite)
  • Headache
  • Insomnia
  • Sleepiness
  • Cough
  • Runny nose
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhoea
  • Pain, redness, swelling or sores in the mouth
  • Itching
  • Sweating
  • Muscle pain
  • Back pain
  • Fever
  • Weakness
  • Chills

Uncommon: may affect up to 1 in 100 people

  • Interstitial pneumonitis (scarring of the air sacs of the lung)
  • Spasm of the airways (wheeze)
  • Abnormal chest X ray/scan (scarring of the lungs)
  • Irregular heart beat (arrhythmia)
  • Heart failure
  • Kidney failure
  • Serious liver damage, including liver failure
  • Stroke
  • Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (a disease characterized by haemolytic anaemia, acute renal failure and a low platelet count)

Rare: may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people

  • Heart attack (myocardial infarction)
  • Low blood pressure
  • Skin scaling, ulceration or blister formation
  • Injection site reactions
  • Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome (severe lung inflammation causing respiratory failure)
  • Radiation recall-(a skin rash like severe sunburn) which can occur on skin that has previously been exposed to radiotherapy.
  • Fluid in the lungs
  • Radiation toxicity- scarring of the air sacs of the lung associated with radiation therapy
  • Gangrene of fingers or toes
  • Clinical signs of peripheral vasculitis (inflammation of the blood vessels)
  • Sloughing of skin and severe skin blistering

Very rare: may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people

  • Increased platelet count
  • Anaphylactic reaction (severe hypersensitivity/ allergic reaction)
  • Ischaemic colitis (inflammation of the lining of the large bowel, caused by reduced blood supply)
  • Potentially life-threatening cutaneous reactions with widespread purpuric macules and epidermal detachment (Toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson Syndrome).

You might have any of these symptoms and/or conditions. You must tell your doctor as soon as possible when you start experiencing any of these side effects.

If you are concerned about any side effects, talk to your doctor.

If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.

Hoe bewaart u dit middel?

Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.

Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the carton and label after EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.

This medicinal product does not require any special storage condition.

Shelf life after dilution(Solution for Infusion):

Chemical and physical in-use stability after dilution in 0.9 % w/v sodium chloride solution has been demonstrated for 3 days at 2°C to 8°C or at 30°C.

From a microbiological point of view, the product should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and would normally not be longer than 24 hours at 2°C to 8°C, unless dilution has taken place in controlled and validated aseptic conditions.

This medicine is for single use only. Discard any unused contents.

If the solution appears discoloured or contains visible particles, it should be discarded.

Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.

Anvullende Informatie

What [National approved name] contains

The active substance is gemcitabine (as hydrochloride). Each ml of concentrate for solution for infusion contains 40 mg gemcitabine as gemcitabine hydrochloride.

Each 5 ml vial contains 200 mg gemcitabine (as hydrochloride) Each 25 ml vial contains 1000 mg gemcitabine (as hydrochloride) Each 50 ml vial contains 2000 mg gemcitabine (as hydrochloride).

The other ingredients are: Ethanol (96%), sodium hydroxide (E524) (for pH adjustment), hydrochloric acid (E507) (for pH adjustment) and water for injections

What [National approved name] looks like and contents of the pack

This medicinal product is a concentrate for solution for infusion.

[National approved name] is a concentrate for solution for infusion and a clear, colourless to slightly yellow solution.

Each pack contains 1 vial of 5 ml, 25 ml or 50 ml of solution.

Not all pack sizes may be marketed.

Marketing Authorisation Holder and Manufacturer

Fresenius Kabi Oncology Plc.

Lion Court, Farnham Road, Bordon

Hampshire, GU350NF

Verenigd Konkrijk

In het Register ingeschreven onder:

Gemcitabine Fresenius Kabi 40 mg/ml, concentraat voor oplossing voor infusie: RVG 110700.

This medicinal product is authorised in the Member States of the EEA under the following names:

Austria Gemcitabine Kabi 40 mg/ml Konzentrat zur Herstellung einer Infusionslösung
Belgium Gemcitabine Fresenius Kabi 40 mg/ml concentraat voor oplossing voor infusie
Bulgaria Gemcitabine Kabi 40 mg/ml концентрат за инфузионен разтвор
Cyprus Gemcitabine Kabi 40 mg/ml πυκνό διάλυμα για παρασκευή διαλύματος προς
  έγχυση
Czech Republic Gemcitabine Kabi 40 mg/ml koncentrát pro infuzní roztok
Germany Gemcitabine Kabi 40 mg/ml Konzentrat zur Herstellung einer Infusionslösung
Denmark Gemkabi
Estonia Gemcitabine Kabi 40 mg/ml
Greece Gemcitabine Kabi 40 mg/ml πυκνό διάλυμα για παρασκευή διαλύματος προς
  έγχυση
Spain Gemcitabina Kabi 40 mg/ml concentrado para solución para perfusión EFG
Finland Gemcitabin Fresenius Kabi 40mg/ml infuusiokonsentraatti, liuosta varten
France Gemcitabine Kabi 40 mg/ml solution à diluer pour perfusion
Hungary Gemcitabin Kabi 40 mg/ml koncentrátum oldatos infúzióhoz
Ireland Gemcitabine 40 mg/ml concentrate for solution for infusion
Iceland Gemcitabine Fresenius Kabi
Italy Gemcitabina Fresenius 40 mg/ml concentrato per soluzione per infusione
Latvia Gemcitabine Kabi 40 mg/ml koncentrāts infūziju šķīduma pagatavošanai
Lithuania Gemcitabine Kabi 40 mg/ml koncentratas infuziniam tirpalui
Luxembourg Gemcitabine Kabi 40 mg/ml Konzentrat zur Herstellung einer Infusionslösung
Malta Gemcitabine 40 mg/ml concentrate for solution for infusion
The Netherlands Gemcitabine Fresenius Kabi 40 mg/ml concentraat voor oplossing voor infusie
Norway Gemkabi 40 mg/ml konsentrat til infusjonsvæske
Poland Gemcitabine Kabi
Portugal Gemcitabina Kabi
Romania Gemcitabina Kabi 40 mg/ml concentrat pentru soluţie perfuzabilă
Sweden Gemcitabin Fresenius Kabi 40 mg/ml koncentrat till infusionsvätska, lösning
Slovenia Gemcitabin Kabi 40 mg/ml koncentrat za raztopino za infundiranje
Slovak Republic Gemcitabine Kabi 40 mg/ml, infúzny koncentrát
United Kingdom Gemcitabine 40 mg/ml concentrate for solution for infusion

This leaflet was last revised in mei 2013.

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The following information is intended for healthcare professionals only:

Instruction for use

Cytotoxic

Handling

The normal safety precautions for cytostatic agents must be observed when preparing and disposing of the infusion solution. Pregnant personnel should not handle the product. Handling of the solution for infusion should be done in a safety box and protective coats and gloves should be used. If no safety box is available, the equipment should be supplemented with a mask and protective glasses.

If the preparation comes into contact with the eyes, this may cause serious irritation. The eyes should be rinsed immediately and thoroughly with water. If there is lasting irritation, a doctor should be consulted. If the solution is spilled on the skin, rinse thoroughly with water.

Instructions for dilution

Instructions for dilution should be strictly followed in order to avoid adverse events.

The only approved diluent for dilution of [National approved name] 40 mg/ml concentrate for solution for infusion is sodium chloride 9 mg/ml (0.9%) solution for injection (without preservative).

  1. Use aseptic technique during dilution of gemcitabine for intravenous infusion administration.
  2. The total quantity of the gemcitabine 40 mg/ml concentrate for solution for infusion required for an individual patient should be diluted into at least 500 ml of sterile sodium chloride 9

Further dilution with the same diluent can be done. Diluted solution is a clear colourless or light straw-coloured solution.

3. Parenteral medicinal products should be inspected visually for particulate matter and discolouration prior to administration. If particulate matter is observed, do not administer.

Any unused product or waste material should be disposed of in accordance with local requirements.

Storage conditions

Shelf life after dilution:

Chemical and physical in-use stability after dilution in 0.9 % sodium chloride solution has been demonstrated for 3 days at 2°C to 8°C or at 30°C.

From a microbiological point of view, the product should be used immediately. If not used immediately, in-use storage times and conditions prior to use are the responsibility of the user and would normally not be longer than 24 hours at 2°C to 8°C, unless dilution has taken place in controlled and validated aseptic conditions.

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